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Alternative meanings at Edinburgh (disambiguation).
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Edinburgh, Indiana
Downtown Edinburgh, looking East
Downtown Edinburgh, looking East
Nickname(s): 
The Burgh
Location of Edinburgh in Bartholomew County and Johnson County and Shelby County, Indiana.
Location of Edinburgh in Bartholomew County and Johnson County and Shelby County, Indiana.
Country United States
State Indiana
Counties Johnson, Bartholomew, Shelby
Township Blue River, German, Jackson
Area
 • Total 3.11 sq mi (8.04 km2)
 • Land 3.11 sq mi (8.04 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
673 ft (205 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 4,435
 • Density 1,427.88/sq mi (551.37/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (EST)
ZIP code
46124
Area code(s) 812
FIPS code 18-20404
GNIS feature ID 434019
Website http://www.edinburgh.in.us

Edinburgh is a city in Bartholomew, Johnson, and Shelby counties in the U.S. state of Indiana. The population was 4,480 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Columbus, Indiana metropolitan statistical area. Edinburgh was named in honor of Edinburgh, Scotland and for many years was pronounced the same way.

Edinburgh is the home of Camp Atterbury, a National Guard training facility. The Big Blue River and Sugar Creek join to form the Driftwood River 1 mi (1.6 km) west of Edinburgh.

History

Edinburgh was laid out in about 1822. A founder of the town being a native of Scotland may have caused the name Edinburgh to be selected. The Edinburgh post office has been in operation since 1823.

Edinburgh Commercial Historic District, South Walnut Street Historic District, and Toner Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Edinburgh, Indiana
Photo from Small Town Indiana photo survey.

June 3, 2008 Tornado

Severe thunderstorms formed rapidly across Central Indiana on the evening of June 3, 2008. These storms began to rotate and produced multiple tornadoes. One of these tornadoes traveled across northern sections of Brown County and southern sections of Johnson County. This tornado did considerable damage to the Camp Atterbury facility. The tornado exited Camp Atterbury and crossed US 31, entering the town of Edinburgh. Several buildings and countless trees and power lines were damaged as the tornado moved roughly parallel with Indiana 252. The tornado lifted near Interstate 65. The National Weather Service rated this damaging event as an EF-2 tornado.

June 7, 2008 Flood

Several bouts of severe thunderstorm activity and heavy rainfall affected the Edinburgh area in early June 2008. The Big Blue River and Sugar Creek overflowed their banks as a result of this activity. However, the worst of the weather was to come. A line of severe thunderstorms moved across Central Indiana on the evening of June 6, 2008. These storms began to move south out of Edinburgh, weakening as daylight was lost. However, strong surface winds began to interact with a leftover outflow boundary from the earlier severe activity. As a result, new thunderstorm activity began to blossom and move to the east. This interaction produced what is known as a training effect, with thunderstorm after thunderstorm moving over the same area.

The first rainfall began to fall in Edinburgh at approximately 9:00 PM on the evening of June 6. The torrential rain would last until 12:00 PM on June 7. An unofficial rainfall total of 10.71 inches (272 mm) was measured in Edinburgh. Official National Weather Service rainfall totals across Central Indiana during this period ranged from 3.09 inches (78 mm) to 9.85 inches (250 mm). This water had no place to go as it struck the already saturated grounds, so runoff was extremely high. The Big Blue River and Sugar Creek began to rise rapidly. Runoff quickly flooded agricultural areas and much of this water made its way into several subdivisions in Edinburgh. Many homes were flooded with several feet of water. US 31, SR 252, and Interstate 65 were all flooded at the height of the flood, essentially cutting Edinburgh off from surrounding areas.

Geography

Edinburgh is located at 39°21′10″N 85°58′3″W / 39.35278°N 85.96750°W / 39.35278; -85.96750 (39.352728, -85.967466).

According to the 2010 census, Edinburgh has a total area of 3.11 square miles (8.05 km2), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,100
1870 1,799 63.5%
1880 1,814 0.8%
1890 2,031 12.0%
1900 1,820 −10.4%
1910 2,040 12.1%
1920 2,376 16.5%
1930 2,209 −7.0%
1940 2,466 11.6%
1950 3,283 33.1%
1960 3,664 11.6%
1970 5,079 38.6%
1980 4,856 −4.4%
1990 4,536 −6.6%
2000 4,505 −0.7%
2010 4,480 −0.6%
2020 4,435 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,480 people, 1,760 households and 1,180 families living in the town. The population density was 1,440.5 inhabitants per square mile (556.2/km2). There were 1,940 housing units at an average density of 623.8 per square mile (240.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.2% White, 0.3% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 3.0% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.5% of the population.

There were 1,760 households, of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.0% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.03.

The median age in the town was 38.3 years. 24.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 10% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.8% were from 25 to 44; 27.8% were from 45 to 64; and 12% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.9% male and 50.1% female.

Education

Residents are zoned to the Edinburgh Community School Corporation.

The town has a lending library, the Edinburgh Wright-Hageman Public Library.

Notable people

  • J. Gregory Bruce (1897-1985), Judge of the United States Tax Court.
  • Grant Wright Christian (1911-1989), artist.
  • Leonard Hackney (1855-1899), Justice of the Indiana Supreme Court.
  • Charles Morse Huffer (1894-1981), astronomer.
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