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Emmitsburg, Maryland
Town of Emmitsburg
Panoramic view of Emmitsburg from US-15 Rest Area
Panoramic view of Emmitsburg from US-15 Rest Area
Location of Emmitsburg, Maryland
Location of Emmitsburg, Maryland
Coordinates: 39°42′17″N 77°19′31″W / 39.70472°N 77.32528°W / 39.70472; -77.32528Coordinates: 39°42′17″N 77°19′31″W / 39.70472°N 77.32528°W / 39.70472; -77.32528
Country  United States
State  Maryland
County Frederick
Founded 1785
Incorporated 1825
Area
 • Total 1.50 sq mi (3.89 km2)
 • Land 1.50 sq mi (3.89 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
436 ft (133 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 2,814
 • Estimate 
(2019)
3,198
 • Density 2,129.16/sq mi (821.95/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
21727
Area code(s) 301, 240
FIPS code 24-26200
GNIS feature ID 0584300

Emmitsburg is a town in Frederick County, Maryland, United States, 0.3 miles (0.5 km) south of the Mason-Dixon line separating Maryland from Pennsylvania. Founded in 1785, Emmitsburg is the home of Mount St. Mary's University. The town has two Catholic pilgrimage sites: the National Shrine Grotto of Our Lady of Lourdes, which is on the campus of Mount St. Mary's, and the Basilica and National Shrine of St. Elizabeth Ann Seton, who was the first native-born United States citizen to be canonized as a saint. The Seton Shrine is one of the top eight Catholic pilgrimage destinations in the United States.

The National Emergency Training Center (NETC) campus is in Emmitsburg, located on the former campus of Saint Joseph College. The campus includes the Emergency Management Institute, the National Fire Academy and the National Fallen Firefighters Memorial.

The population as of the 2010 U.S Census was 2,814.

Emmitsburg is home to three Cal Ripken Baseball 12U 46/60 baseball championships. The titles were won in consecutive years (2013, 2014, and 2015). For years, the youth baseball and softball league was the gold standard in the Catoctin area.

The current mayor of Emmitsburg is Don Briggs. The current commissioners are Frank Davis, T. J. Burns, Tim O'Donnell, Joseph Ritz III and Cliff Sweeney.

History

Emmitsburg was named for its founder, William Emmit in 1785. However, settlement preceded the town, particularly since British authorities restricted colonists' expansion during and after the French and Indian War.

The Tom's Creek Methodist Church was founded in 1757 for the benefit of settlers in the area (including William Emmit's father Samuel Emmit) as well as travelers. In the same year, Lutherans led by pastor George Bager built a church, which they shared with a German Reformed congregation until 1798 (and for a briefer time with a Presbyterian congregation). After the American Revolutionary War, Catholic missionary Rev. Jean Dubois established a mission church, and then seminary at Emmitsburg. Later Elizabeth Ann Seton established a convent, with a school and hospital. Soon, the number of Methodists in Emmitsburg led to the formation of a circuit around town, rather than share a minister with Gettysburg, Pennsylvania,

The Union fortified Emmitsburg to stop the Confederate invasion of the Union territory in June 1863 during the American Civil War. Half the town was burned to the ground in a mysterious fire on the night of June 23. Folklore has it that 'The Great Fire,' as it was known, was started by a Union sympathizer to prevent advancing Confederates from taking supplies from the town. However fate spared the town a battle between the opposing forces, which instead took place 12 miles north of it in Pennsylvania near the town of Gettysburg. The town was briefly held by the retreating Confederates on July 4.

Geography

Emmitsburg is located at 39°42′17″N 77°19′31″W / 39.70472°N 77.32528°W / 39.70472; -77.32528 (39.704697, -77.325294).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.52 square miles (3.94 km2), all of it land.

Climate

Emmitsburg is situated in the transition between the humid subtropical climate zone and the humid continental climate zone (Köppen Dfa), with hot, humid summers and moderately cold winters. It is known for being located near the base of Catoctin Mountain.

Weather chart for Emmitsburg, MD
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.7
 
39
23
 
 
3
 
44
25
 
 
4
 
54
32
 
 
3.8
 
65
41
 
 
4.5
 
74
51
 
 
4.4
 
82
59
 
 
3.6
 
86
64
 
 
3.6
 
84
62
 
 
4.3
 
77
55
 
 
3.5
 
66
43
 
 
3.8
 
55
35
 
 
3.3
 
44
28
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: NOAA
Climate data for Emmitsburg, Maryland
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 74
(23.3)
78
(25.6)
85
(29.4)
92
(33.3)
94
(34.4)
101
(38.3)
103
(39.4)
103
(39.4)
98
(36.7)
90
(32.2)
82
(27.8)
77
(25)
103
(39.4)
Average high °F (°C) 39.3
(4.06)
43.6
(6.44)
53.5
(11.94)
64.8
(18.22)
73.8
(23.22)
81.7
(27.61)
85.8
(29.89)
84.2
(29)
77.3
(25.17)
66.4
(19.11)
54.5
(12.5)
43.9
(6.61)
64.07
(17.815)
Average low °F (°C) 22.7
(-5.17)
24.5
(-4.17)
32.4
(0.22)
40.7
(4.83)
50.6
(10.33)
59.3
(15.17)
64.1
(17.83)
62.3
(16.83)
55.4
(13)
43.4
(6.33)
35.0
(1.67)
27.8
(-2.33)
43.18
(6.213)
Record low °F (°C) −27
(-32.8)
−13
(-25)
−5
(-20.6)
15
(-9.4)
26
(-3.3)
35
(1.7)
42
(5.6)
36
(2.2)
24
(-4.4)
16
(-8.9)
9
(-12.8)
−19
(-28.3)
−27
(-32.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.66
(93)
2.97
(75.4)
3.95
(100.3)
3.80
(96.5)
4.52
(114.8)
4.35
(110.5)
3.64
(92.5)
3.60
(91.4)
4.26
(108.2)
3.48
(88.4)
3.80
(96.5)
3.31
(84.1)
45.34
(1,151.6)
Snowfall inches (cm) 11.8
(30)
8.7
(22.1)
4.5
(11.4)
0.7
(1.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
1.4
(3.6)
3.6
(9.1)
30.8
(78.2)
Avg. precipitation days 8.9 7.9 9.1 9.5 11.7 10.3 9.4 9.0 8.2 7.5 8.7 8.3 108.5
Avg. snowy days 4.1 3.0 1.7 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.6 2.2 12.1
Source: NOAA

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 812
1870 706
1880 847 20.0%
1890 844 −0.4%
1900 849 0.6%
1910 1,054 24.1%
1920 940 −10.8%
1930 1,235 31.4%
1940 1,412 14.3%
1950 1,261 −10.7%
1960 1,369 8.6%
1970 1,532 11.9%
1980 1,552 1.3%
1990 1,688 8.8%
2000 2,290 35.7%
2010 2,814 22.9%
2019 (est.) 3,198 13.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,814 people, 997 households, and 670 families living in the town. The population density was 1,851.3 inhabitants per square mile (714.8/km2). There were 1,070 housing units at an average density of 703.9 per square mile (271.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.0% White, 2.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population.

There were 997 households, of which 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.8% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.8% were non-families. Of all households, 26.6% were made up of individuals, and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.22.

The median age in the town was 39.5 years. 26% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.4% were from 25 to 44; 25.1% were from 45 to 64; and 16.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.

Transportation

2019-08-17 16 44 21 View north along U.S. Route 15 (Catoctin Mountain Highway) from the overpass for Maryland State Route 140 (Taneytown Pike) in Emmitsburg, Frederick County, Maryland
US 15 northbound in Emmitsburg

The primary method of travel to and from Emmitsburg is by road. U.S. Route 15 is the main highway serving Emmitsburg, providing connections northward to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania and southward to Frederick. U.S. Route 15 Business follows the old alignment of US 15 through the center of Emmitsburg, with the main highway now following a bypass on the east side of town. Maryland Route 140 is the other main highway traversing the town, which provides connections eastward towards Westminster and eventually Baltimore. To the west, MD 140 crosses into Pennsylvania and becomes Pennsylvania Route 16.

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