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Westminster, Maryland
City
Official seal of Westminster, Maryland
Seal
Motto: "Where history meets tomorrow"
Location in Maryland
Location in Maryland
Country United States
State Maryland
County Carroll
Founded 1764
Incorporated 1818
Area
 • Total 6.64 sq mi (17.20 km2)
 • Land 6.63 sq mi (17.17 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 764 ft (233 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 18,590
 • Estimate (2012) 18,628
 • Density 2,803.9/sq mi (1,082.6/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 21157-21158
Area code(s) 410, 443, 667
FIPS code 24-83100
GNIS feature ID 0595080

Westminster is a city in northern Maryland, United States. It is the seat of Carroll County. The city's population was 18,590 at the 2010 census. Westminster is an outlying community within the Baltimore-Towson, MD MSA, which is part of a greater Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV CSA.

History

William Winchester (1711-1790) purchased approximately 167 acres of land called White's Level in 1754 which became known as the city of Winchester. The Maryland General Assembly later changed the name of his town from Winchester to Westminster because Winchester was also the name of the county seat of Frederick County, Virginia where it was at that time located.

On June 29, 1864, the cavalry skirmish known as Corbit's Charge was fought in the streets of Westminster, when two companies of Delaware cavalry attacked a much larger Confederate force under General J.E.B. Stuart.

Since 1868, Westminster has held an annual Memorial Day parade, which is the longest continuously running Memorial Day parade in the country.

Just north of Westminster is the farm at which Whittaker Chambers hid the so-called "pumpkin papers."

A historic marker states that Westminster was the first place in the nation to offer Rural Free Delivery postal service.

Westminster is the birthplace of Sargent Shriver (1915–2011), the Democratic candidate for Vice President of the United States in 1972, and the first director of the Peace Corps.

On Friday, June 26, 2015 the City of Westminster lit the Westminster Fiber Network, the first community wide gigabit fiber to the premise network in the mid-Atlantic region. The City partnered with Ting Inc., a subsidiary of Tucows, to light the network and provide gigabit services.

Geography

Westminster is located at 39°34′36″N 77°0′0″W / 39.57667°N 77°W / 39.57667; -77 (39.576551, −77.000120).

Westminster is approximately 36.5 miles (58.7 km) driving distance northwest of Baltimore and 37.5 miles (60.4 km) driving distance southwest of York, Pennsylvania.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.64 square miles (17.20 km2), of which, 6.63 square miles (17.17 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.

Climate

Westminster lies in the humid subtropical climate zone, with hot and humid summers and cool winters with highly variable seasonal snowfall. Due to its elevation, distance from the Chesapeake Bay and urban heat island, temperatures in Westminster are often considerably lower than in Baltimore, especially at night.

Climate data for Westminster, Maryland (1981−2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 41.3
(5.17)
44.9
(7.17)
54.2
(12.33)
66.1
(18.94)
75.2
(24)
84.0
(28.89)
87.6
(30.89)
85.3
(29.61)
78.4
(25.78)
67.6
(19.78)
56.0
(13.33)
43.9
(6.61)
65.4
(18.56)
Average low °F (°C) 21.9
(-5.61)
24.2
(-4.33)
30.4
(-0.89)
40.4
(4.67)
49.4
(9.67)
58.8
(14.89)
63.3
(17.39)
61.4
(16.33)
54.9
(12.72)
43.6
(6.44)
34.6
(1.44)
26.2
(-3.22)
42.4
(5.78)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.88
(73.2)
2.49
(63.2)
3.59
(91.2)
3.50
(88.9)
4.15
(105.4)
3.92
(99.6)
4.32
(109.7)
3.72
(94.5)
4.28
(108.7)
3.64
(92.5)
3.27
(83.1)
3.64
(92.5)
43.40
(1,102.4)
Snowfall inches (cm) 12.1
(30.7)
10.9
(27.7)
4.6
(11.7)
.2
(0.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
.1
(0.3)
1.5
(3.8)
4.1
(10.4)
33.5
(85.1)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 8.4 8.1 9.9 10.6 11.9 9.8 8.8 8.4 7.8 7.2 8.9 8.9 108.7
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 3.0 1.9 1.2 .1 0 0 0 0 0 0 .3 1.1 7.6
Source: NOAA

Tornado activity

Westminster's historical tornado activity is slightly above the Maryland state average and 38% greater than the overall U.S. average. On April 16, 2011, a tornado was confirmed to have touched down around 8:00 pm EST. On July 19, 1996, an F3 (which has wind speeds of 158–206 mph) tornado struck 5.5 miles away from the Westminster city center, injuring three people and causing $5 million in damages. On April 15, 1952, an F3 tornado hit 15.5 miles away from the city center, injuring four people and causing between $500,000 and $5,000,000 in damages.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 884
1870 2,310
1880 2,507 8.5%
1890 2,908 16.0%
1900 3,199 10.0%
1910 3,295 3.0%
1920 3,521 6.9%
1930 4,463 26.8%
1940 4,692 5.1%
1950 6,140 30.9%
1960 6,123 −0.3%
1970 7,207 17.7%
1980 8,808 22.2%
1990 13,068 48.4%
2000 16,731 28.0%
2010 18,590 11.1%
Est. 2015 18,670 0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 18,590 people, 7,161 households, and 4,117 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,803.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,082.6/km2). There were 7,684 housing units at an average density of 1,159.0 per square mile (447.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.0% White, 7.0% African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.2% Asian, 1.9% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.0% of the population.

There were 7,161 households of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.5% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.5% were non-families. 35.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.12.

The median age in the city was 33.3 years. 22.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 15% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.6% were from 25 to 44; 21.9% were from 45 to 64; and 13.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 16,731 people, 6,420 households, and 3,762 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,929.4 people per square mile (1,131.3/km²). There were 6,755 housing units at an average density of 1,182.7 per square mile (456.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.28% White, 5.49% African American, 0.23% Native American, 1.20% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.65% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.78% of the population. 28% of Westminster's residents were German, 15% Irish, 14% English, 6% Italian, 5% Polish, 2% French, and 2% Scottish.

There were 6,420 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.4% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 14.5% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 16.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 87.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,477, and the median income for a family was $50,879. Males had a median income of $37,186 versus $28,419 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,320. About 7.9% of families and 9.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.5% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture

Hashawha Tower

The Hashawha Tower is a windmill in Westminster. It stands at the Hashawha Environmental Center.

Annual events

  • Carroll County Fair
  • Common Ground on the Hill
  • Maryland Wine Festival
  • Art in the Park

Popular culture

  • The film For Richer or Poorer was filmed in Westminster.
  • In 1997, Linda Fisher, aka The Muffin Lady, who made and sold muffins to people and stores in downtown Westminster in an effort to stay off welfare, was shut down by the Carroll County Health Department because she was not using a commercial kitchen. The Westminster Fire Department helped her by offering the use of their catering kitchen. This experience led to a story on Good Morning America and the publication of Fisher's cookbook, MUFFIN MAKEOVERS; Recipes and Reflections From Linda Fisher, Rebuilding Her Life One Batch at a Time.

Sister city

  1. REDIRECT Template:Maryland county seats


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