kids encyclopedia robot

Frederick County, Maryland facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Frederick County, Maryland
Downtown Frederick in June 2014
Downtown Frederick in June 2014
Flag of Frederick County, Maryland
Flag
Official seal of Frederick County, Maryland
Seal
Nicknames: 
"Frederick", "FredCo"
Location in the State of Maryland
Location in the State of Maryland
Country  United States
State  Maryland
Founded June 10, 1748
County seat Frederick
Area
 • Total 1,730 km2 (667 sq mi)
 • Land 1,700 km2 (660 sq mi)
 • Water 19 km2 (7.2 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 271,717
 • Density 157.29/km2 (407.37/sq mi)
Time zone Eastern (EST)
 • Summer (DST) EDT
ZIP
21701, 21702, 21703, 21704, 21705, 21709
Area codes 301, 240
Congressional districts 6th, 8th
Website http://www.FrederickCountyMD.gov/

Frederick County is located in the northern part of the U.S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the population was 240,336. The county seat is Frederick.

Frederick County is included in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. Like other outlying sections of the Washington metropolitan area, Frederick County has experienced a rapid population increase in recent years. It borders the southern border of Pennsylvania and the northeastern border of Virginia.

The county is home to Catoctin Mountain Park (encompassing the presidential retreat Camp David) and to the U.S. Army's Fort Detrick. Notable persons from here include Francis Scott Key, Chris Rose, Zach Taylor, Matt Bennett, Thomas Johnson, Roger B. Taney, and Barbara Fritchie.

Etymology

The namesake of Frederick County and its county seat is unknown, but it probably was either Frederick, Prince of Wales or Frederick Calvert, 6th Baron Baltimore.

History

Frederick County was created in 1748 from parts of Prince George's County and Baltimore County.

In 1776, Frederick County was divided into three parts. The westernmost portion became Washington County, named after George Washington, the southernmost portion became Montgomery County, named after another Revolutionary War general, Richard Montgomery. The northern portion remained Frederick County.

In 1837 a part of Frederick County was combined with a part of Baltimore County to form Carroll County which is east of current day Frederick County.

The county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 667 square miles (1,730 km2), of which 660 square miles (1,700 km2) is land and 7.2 square miles (19 km2) (1.1%) is water. It is the largest county in Maryland in terms of land area.

Frederick County straddles the boundary between the Piedmont Plateau Region and the Appalachian Mountains. The county's two prominent ridges, Catoctin Mountain and South Mountain, form an extension of the Blue Ridge. The Middletown Valley lies between them.

Attractions in the Frederick area include the Clustered Spires, a monument to Francis Scott Key, the National Museum of Civil War Medicine, Monocacy National Battlefield and South Mountain battlefields, and the Schifferstadt Architectural Museum.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Major highways

  • I-70 (MD).svg Interstate 70
  • I-270 (MD).svg Interstate 270
  • US 15.svg U.S. Route 15
  • US 40.svg U.S. Route 40
  • Alt plate.svg
    US 40.svg U.S. Route 40 Alternate
  • US 340.svg U.S. Route 340
  • MD Route 17.svg Maryland Route 17
  • MD Route 26.svg Maryland Route 26
  • MD Route 27.svg Maryland Route 27
  • MD Route 28.svg Maryland Route 28
  • MD Route 31.svg Maryland Route 31
  • MD Route 75.svg Maryland Route 75
  • MD Route 76.svg Maryland Route 76
  • MD Route 77.svg Maryland Route 77
  • MD Route 79.svg Maryland Route 79
  • MD Route 80.svg Maryland Route 80
  • MD Route 85.svg Maryland Route 85
  • MD Route 144.svg Maryland Route 144
  • MD Route 180.svg Maryland Route 180
  • MD Route 194.svg Maryland Route 194
  • MD Route 355.svg Maryland Route 355
  • MD Route 550.svg Maryland Route 550

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 30,791
1800 31,523 2.4%
1810 34,437 9.2%
1820 40,459 17.5%
1830 45,789 13.2%
1840 36,405 −20.5%
1850 40,987 12.6%
1860 46,591 13.7%
1870 47,572 2.1%
1880 50,482 6.1%
1890 49,512 −1.9%
1900 51,920 4.9%
1910 52,673 1.5%
1920 52,541 −0.3%
1930 54,440 3.6%
1940 57,312 5.3%
1950 62,287 8.7%
1960 71,930 15.5%
1970 84,927 18.1%
1980 114,792 35.2%
1990 150,208 30.9%
2000 195,277 30.0%
2010 233,385 19.5%
2020 271,717 16.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010–2018

Frederick County has experienced a rapid increase in population in recent years, including that of minority groups.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 233,385 people, 84,800 households, and 61,198 families residing in the county. The population density was 353.5 inhabitants per square mile (136.5/km2). There were 90,136 housing units at an average density of 136.5 per square mile (52.7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 81.5% white, 8.6% black or African American, 3.8% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 2.9% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. The total (all races) of those self-identifying as Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.3%, and those persons who were white alone made up 77.8% of the population. 26.3% of the population cited German ancestry, 17.4% Irish, 12.1% English, 7.2% Italian, and 6.3% American.

Of the 84,800 households, 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.8% were non-families, and 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.17. The median age was 38.6 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $81,686 and the median income for a family was $95,036. Males had a median income of $62,494 versus $46,720 for females. The per capita income for the county was $35,172. About 3.2% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.

2014

The United States Census Bureau estimates Frederick County's population at 245,322, marking a 5.1% increase since 2010. The racial makeup was estimated to be the following in 2014: 75% White (67.0% Non-Hispanic White), 9.7% Black, 4.6% Asian, 0.5% Native American, 0.1% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 2.8% Two or more races, and 8.7% were Hispanic or Latino, of any race.

Communities

Fred ua
Map of urban areas in Frederick County
2008 03 28 - Frederick - City Hall 2
Frederick, the county seat and largest community in Frederick County.

Cities

Towns

Village

Census-designated places

The Census Bureau recognizes the following census-designated places in the county:

Unincorporated communities

Economy

The United States Census Bureau has reported the following data for Frederick County.

Metric Frederick County Maryland
Per capita money income in past 12 months (2013 dollars), 2009-2013 $36,917 $36,354
Median household income, 2009-2013 $84,570 $73,538
Persons below poverty level, percent, 2009-2013 6.1% 9.8%
Private nonfarm establishments, 2013 5,955 135,4211
Private nonfarm employment, 2013 83,799 2,182,2601
Private nonfarm employment, percent change, 2012-2013 1.1% 1.4%
Nonemployer establishments, 2012 16,843 442,314
Total number of firms, 2007 21,430 528,112
Black-owned firms, percent 5.9% 19.3%
Asian-owned firms, percent 3.3% 6.8%
Hispanic-owned firms, percent, 2007 3.6% 4.9%
Women-owned firms 31.1% 32.6%
Manufacturers shipments, 2007 ($1000) 3,003,696 41,456,097
Merchant wholesaler sales, 2007 ($1000) 1,252,142 51,276,797
Retail sales, 2007 ($1000) 3,066,281 75,664,186
Retail sales per capita, 2007 $13,629 $13,429
Accommodation and food services sales, 2007 ($1000) 356,482 10,758,428
Building permits, 2013 1,220 17,918

According to the Maryland Department of Business and Economic Development, the following are the principal employers in Frederick County. This list excludes U.S. post offices and state and local governments, but includes public institutions of higher education.

Employer Employees
(Nov. 2014)
Fort Detrick
(including Frederick National Laboratory
for Cancer Research)
4,600
Frederick Memorial Healthcare System 2,696
Wells Fargo Home Mortgage 1,881
Leidos Biomedical Research 1,836
Bechtel 1,578
Frederick Community College 1,055
State Farm Insurance 900
Walmart/Sam's Club 700
AstraZeneca 595
Lonza Walkersville 520
Hood College 519
Mount St. Mary's University 511
UnitedHealthcare 500
McDonald's 499
Giant Food 490
Way Station 480
Costco Wholesale 452
Life Technologies 450
NVR 450
Wegmans Food Markets 445
Home Depot 444
Plamondon Companies 400
Stulz Air Technology Systems 375
Weis Markets 363
RR Donnelley 359
YMCA of Frederick County 350
Canam Steel 333
Giant Eagle 330
Homewood Retirement Centers 300
Toys "R" Us 260
Trans-Tech 260

Frederick County leads Maryland in milk production; the county's dairy herds account for one-third of the state's total. However, the dairy market is unstable, and the Frederick County, like the state more broadly, has lost dairy farms.

Notable people

Images for kids

kids search engine
Frederick County, Maryland Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.