Frederick County, Maryland facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Frederick County, Maryland
Downtown Frederick in June 2014
Location in the State of Maryland
|Founded||June 10, 1748|
|• Total||1,730 km2 (667 sq mi)|
|• Land||1,700 km2 (660 sq mi)|
|• Water||19 km2 (7.2 sq mi)|
|• Density||157.29/km2 (407.37/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT|
21701, 21702, 21703, 21704, 21705, 21709
|Area codes||301, 240|
|Congressional districts||6th, 8th|
Frederick County is included in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. Like other outlying sections of the Washington metropolitan area, Frederick County has experienced a rapid population increase in recent years. It borders the southern border of Pennsylvania and the northeastern border of Virginia.
The county is home to Catoctin Mountain Park (encompassing the presidential retreat Camp David) and to the U.S. Army's Fort Detrick. Notable persons from here include Francis Scott Key, Chris Rose, Zach Taylor, Matt Bennett, Thomas Johnson, Roger B. Taney, and Barbara Fritchie.
In 1776, Frederick County was divided into three parts. The westernmost portion became Washington County, named after George Washington, the southernmost portion became Montgomery County, named after another Revolutionary War general, Richard Montgomery. The northern portion remained Frederick County.
In 1837 a part of Frederick County was combined with a part of Baltimore County to form Carroll County which is east of current day Frederick County.
The county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 667 square miles (1,730 km2), of which 660 square miles (1,700 km2) is land and 7.2 square miles (19 km2) (1.1%) is water. It is the largest county in Maryland in terms of land area.
Frederick County straddles the boundary between the Piedmont Plateau Region and the Appalachian Mountains. The county's two prominent ridges, Catoctin Mountain and South Mountain, form an extension of the Blue Ridge. The Middletown Valley lies between them.
Attractions in the Frederick area include the Clustered Spires, a monument to Francis Scott Key, the National Museum of Civil War Medicine, Monocacy National Battlefield and South Mountain battlefields, and the Schifferstadt Architectural Museum.
- Adams County, Pennsylvania (north)
- Carroll County (east)
- Howard County (southeast)
- Franklin County, Pennsylvania (northwest)
- Montgomery County (south)
- Washington County (west)
- Loudoun County, Virginia (southwest)
National protected areas
- Catoctin Mountain Park
- Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park (part)
- Monocacy National Battlefield
- Interstate 70
- Interstate 270
- U.S. Route 15
- U.S. Route 40
U.S. Route 40 Alternate
- U.S. Route 340
- Maryland Route 17
- Maryland Route 26
- Maryland Route 27
- Maryland Route 28
- Maryland Route 31
- Maryland Route 75
- Maryland Route 76
- Maryland Route 77
- Maryland Route 79
- Maryland Route 80
- Maryland Route 85
- Maryland Route 144
- Maryland Route 180
- Maryland Route 194
- Maryland Route 355
- Maryland Route 550
|U.S. Decennial Census
Frederick County has experienced a rapid increase in population in recent years, including that of minority groups.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 233,385 people, 84,800 households, and 61,198 families residing in the county. The population density was 353.5 inhabitants per square mile (136.5/km2). There were 90,136 housing units at an average density of 136.5 per square mile (52.7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 81.5% white, 8.6% black or African American, 3.8% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 2.9% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. The total (all races) of those self-identifying as Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.3%, and those persons who were white alone made up 77.8% of the population. 26.3% of the population cited German ancestry, 17.4% Irish, 12.1% English, 7.2% Italian, and 6.3% American.
Of the 84,800 households, 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.8% were non-families, and 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.17. The median age was 38.6 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $81,686 and the median income for a family was $95,036. Males had a median income of $62,494 versus $46,720 for females. The per capita income for the county was $35,172. About 3.2% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.
The United States Census Bureau estimates Frederick County's population at 245,322, marking a 5.1% increase since 2010. The racial makeup was estimated to be the following in 2014: 75% White (67.0% Non-Hispanic White), 9.7% Black, 4.6% Asian, 0.5% Native American, 0.1% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 2.8% Two or more races, and 8.7% were Hispanic or Latino, of any race.
The Census Bureau recognizes the following census-designated places in the county:
The United States Census Bureau has reported the following data for Frederick County.
|Per capita money income in past 12 months (2013 dollars), 2009-2013||$36,917||$36,354|
|Median household income, 2009-2013||$84,570||$73,538|
|Persons below poverty level, percent, 2009-2013||6.1%||9.8%|
|Private nonfarm establishments, 2013||5,955||135,4211|
|Private nonfarm employment, 2013||83,799||2,182,2601|
|Private nonfarm employment, percent change, 2012-2013||1.1%||1.4%|
|Nonemployer establishments, 2012||16,843||442,314|
|Total number of firms, 2007||21,430||528,112|
|Black-owned firms, percent||5.9%||19.3%|
|Asian-owned firms, percent||3.3%||6.8%|
|Hispanic-owned firms, percent, 2007||3.6%||4.9%|
|Manufacturers shipments, 2007 ($1000)||3,003,696||41,456,097|
|Merchant wholesaler sales, 2007 ($1000)||1,252,142||51,276,797|
|Retail sales, 2007 ($1000)||3,066,281||75,664,186|
|Retail sales per capita, 2007||$13,629||$13,429|
|Accommodation and food services sales, 2007 ($1000)||356,482||10,758,428|
|Building permits, 2013||1,220||17,918|
According to the Maryland Department of Business and Economic Development, the following are the principal employers in Frederick County. This list excludes U.S. post offices and state and local governments, but includes public institutions of higher education.
(including Frederick National Laboratory
for Cancer Research)
|Frederick Memorial Healthcare System||2,696|
|Wells Fargo Home Mortgage||1,881|
|Leidos Biomedical Research||1,836|
|Frederick Community College||1,055|
|State Farm Insurance||900|
|Mount St. Mary's University||511|
|Wegmans Food Markets||445|
|Stulz Air Technology Systems||375|
|YMCA of Frederick County||350|
|Homewood Retirement Centers||300|
|Toys "R" Us||260|
Frederick County leads Maryland in milk production; the county's dairy herds account for one-third of the state's total. However, the dairy market is unstable, and the Frederick County, like the state more broadly, has lost dairy farms.
- Shadrach Bond, first governor of Illinois (1818-1822)
- Francis Scott Key, wrote U.S. national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner"
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