Washington County, Maryland facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Location within the U.S. state of Maryland
Maryland's location within the U.S.
|Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 610: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).|
|Founded||September 6, 1776|
|Named for||George Washington|
|• Total||467 sq mi (1,210 km2)|
|• Land||458 sq mi (1,190 km2)|
|• Water||9.6 sq mi (25 km2) 2.0%|
| • Estimate
|• Density||315.7/sq mi (121.89/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Washington County is located in the western part of the U.S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 147,430. Its county seat is Hagerstown. Washington County was the first county in the United States to be named for the Revolutionary War general (and later President) George Washington. Washington County is one of three Maryland counties recognized by the Appalachian Regional Commission as being part of Appalachia. The county borders southern Pennsylvania to the north, Northern Virginia to the south, and the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia to the south and west. Washington County is included in the Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA Combined Statistical Area.
- Parks and recreation
- Notable residents and natives
- Images for kids
The western portions of Maryland (including present Washington County) were incorporated into Prince George's County in 1696. This original county included six current counties. The first to be created was Frederick, separated from Prince George's County in 1748.
Washington County was formed on September 6, 1776, by the division of Frederick County. At the same time, a portion of Frederick County became part of the newly created Montgomery County along with portions from Prince George's County and Charles' County, and was named for General Richard Montgomery. Washington County as created included land later to become Allegany County (created in 1789) and Garrett County (included in Allegany County when it was created in 1789, but separated from Allegany County in 1872). Washington County thus originally included the entire western part of the state.
A number of properties in the county are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 467 square miles (1,210 km2), of which 458 square miles (1,190 km2) is land and 9.6 square miles (25 km2) (2.0%) is water.
Washington County is located in the Appalachian Mountains, stretching from the Ridge-and-Valley Country in the west to South Mountain in the east, which is an extension of the Blue Ridge. Much of the county lies in the broad Hagerstown Valley between these two zones; the valley is part of the Great Appalachian Valley that continues southward into Virginia and West Virginia as the Shenandoah Valley and northward into Pennsylvania as the Cumberland Valley.
The county is bordered to the north by the Mason–Dixon line with Pennsylvania, to the south by the Potomac River and the states of Virginia and West Virginia, to the west by Sideling Hill Creek and Allegany County, Maryland, and to the east by Frederick County and South Mountain.
- Fulton County, Pennsylvania (northwest)
- Allegany County (west)
- Morgan County, West Virginia (southwest)
- Berkeley County, West Virginia (south)
- Jefferson County, West Virginia (south)
- Loudoun County, Virginia (southeast)
- Frederick County (east)
- Franklin County, Pennsylvania (northeast)
- Interstate 68
- Interstate 70
- Interstate 81
- U.S. Route 11
- U.S. Route 40
U.S. Route 40 Alternate
US 40 Scenic
- U.S. Route 340
- U.S. Route 522
- Maryland Route 34
- Maryland Route 56
- Maryland Route 57
- Maryland Route 58
- Maryland Route 60
- Maryland Route 62
- Maryland Route 63
- Maryland Route 64
- Maryland Route 65
- Maryland Route 66
- Maryland Route 67
- Maryland Route 68
- Maryland Route 77
- Maryland Route 144
- Maryland Route 180
- Maryland Route 418
- Maryland Route 491
- Maryland Route 494
- Maryland Route 550
- Maryland Route 615
- Maryland Route 632
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 147,430 people, 55,687 households, and 37,506 families residing in the county. The population density was 322.1 inhabitants per square mile (124.4/km2). There were 60,814 housing units at an average density of 132.8 per square mile (51.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 85.1% white, 9.6% black or African American, 1.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.1% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 31.7% were German, 14.1% were Irish, 9.8% were English, 8.5% were American, and 5.1% were Italian.
Of the 55,687 households, 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.6% were non-families, and 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age was 39.7 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $52,994 and the median income for a family was $65,811. Males had a median income of $47,622 versus $34,225 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,588. About 7.7% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.1% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.
Parks and recreation
- Antietam National Battlefield
- Appalachian National Scenic Trail
- Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park
- Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
- Fort Frederick State Park
- Fort Tonoloway State Park
- Gathland State Park
- Greenbrier State Park
- South Mountain State Park
- Washington Monument State Park
Museums, historic sites, and other points of interest
- Bowman House, Boonsboro
- Crystal Grottoes, the only show caves in Maryland.
- Discovery Station, Hagerstown
- Hager House, Hagerstown
- Hagerstown Roundhouse Museum, Hagerstown
- Price-Miller House, Hagerstown
- Sideling Hill, man-made mountain pass on Interstate 68/U.S. Route 40 roughly 5 miles (8.0 km) west of Hancock shows off 100 million years+ of rock formation with Information Center and walkways on the premises.
- Springfield Farm, Williamsport
- Stoney Creek Farm, Boonsboro
- Washington County Rural Heritage Museum, Boonsboro
- Hagerstown (county seat)
The Census Bureau recognizes the following census-designated places in the county:
- Beaver Creek
- Big Pool
- Big Spring
- Eakles Mill
- Fort Ritchie
- Fountainhead-Orchard Hills
- Garretts Mill
- Indian Springs
- Kemps Mill
- Mount Aetna
- Mount Briar
- Mount Lena
- Paramount-Long Meadow
- Saint James
- San Mar
- Sandy Hook
- Trego-Rohrersville Station
In 2000, the median income for a household in the county was $40,617, and the median income for a family was $48,962. Males had a median income of $34,917 versus $24,524 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,062. About 7.00% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 9.50% of those age 65 or over.
According to the Maryland Department of Business and Economic Development, the following were the major employers in the county (excluding post offices, state government, and local governments, but including public institutions of higher education):
|The Bowman Group||718|
|Hagerstown Community College||594|
|Merkle Response Management Group||545|
|Arc of Washington County||500|
|Direct Mail Processors||500|
|Sierra Nevada Corp.||486|
|Giant Food Stores/
Martin's Food Markets
|Brook Lane Health Services||395|
|Thompson's Gas & Electric Service||275|
|United Parcel Service (UPS)||274|
|Homewood Retirement Centers||249|
|NMS Healthcare of Hagerstown||240|
|Horizon Goodwill Industries||229|
|C. William Hetzer||225|
Washington County Public Schools administers public schools in the county. See Washington County Public Schools – School Directory for a detailed listing of elementary, middle, high, and other schools.
Public high schools
Private high schools
Colleges and universities
- Antietam Bible College, Biblical Seminary, and Graduate School
- Hagerstown Community College, two-year public community college
- Kaplan College (formerly Hagerstown Business College)
- Mount Saint Mary's University, Hagerstown Campus, offers Master of Business Administration (MBA) program.
- University System of Maryland at Hagerstown, branch of the University System of Maryland; offers various associate's, bachelor's, and master's degree programs in connection with other state colleges and universities in Maryland.
Notable residents and natives
- See People from Washington County.
Images for kids
Sideling Hill man-made mountain pass on I-68/U.S. 40 near Hancock
Washington County, Maryland Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.