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Hancock, Maryland
Main Street in Hancock
Main Street in Hancock
Location of Hancock in Maryland and in Washington County
Location of Hancock in Maryland and in Washington County
Coordinates: 39°42′7″N 78°10′51″W / 39.70194°N 78.18083°W / 39.70194; -78.18083Coordinates: 39°42′7″N 78°10′51″W / 39.70194°N 78.18083°W / 39.70194; -78.18083
Country United States
State Maryland
County Washington
Incorporated 1853
Area
 • Total 2.78 sq mi (7.20 km2)
 • Land 2.76 sq mi (7.15 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation
440 ft (134 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 1,545
 • Estimate 
(2019)
1,529
 • Density 553.78/sq mi (213.83/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
21750
Area code(s) 301, 240
FIPS code 24-36600
GNIS feature ID 0584850

Hancock is a town in Washington County, Maryland, United States. The population was 1,546 at the 2010 census. The Western Maryland community is notable for being located at the narrowest part of the state. The north-south distance from the Pennsylvania state line to the West Virginia state line is only 1.8 miles (2.9 km) at Hancock.

Geography

Hancock is located at 39°42′7″N 78°10′51″W / 39.70194°N 78.18083°W / 39.70194; -78.18083.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.75 square miles (7.12 km2), of which, 2.73 square miles (7.07 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.

The state of Maryland narrows to a width of less than two miles in the Hancock area—the smallest non-vertex border-to-border distance of any U.S. state. It is at the junction of Interstates 68 and 70.

The Chesapeake & Ohio Canal passes through the town, and the Western Maryland Rail Trail connects Hancock with Fort Frederick State Park.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Hancock has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 931
1890 815 −12.5%
1900 824 1.1%
1910 893 8.4%
1920 972 8.8%
1930 947 −2.6%
1940 940 −0.7%
1950 963 2.4%
1960 2,004 108.1%
1970 1,881 −6.1%
1980 1,887 0.3%
1990 1,926 2.1%
2000 1,725 −10.4%
2010 1,545 −10.4%
2020 (est.) 1,557 0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,545 people, 694 households, and 407 families living in the town. The population density was 565.9 inhabitants per square mile (218.5/km2). There were 821 housing units at an average density of 300.7 per square mile (116.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.7% White, 0.4% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.4% Asian, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.5% of the population.

There were 694 households, of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.6% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.4% were non-families. 36.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.86.

The median age in the town was 40.7 years. 22.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.5% were from 25 to 44; 27.6% were from 45 to 64; and 17.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 47.7% male and 52.3% female.

Transportation

2019-05-18 13 11 41 View west along Interstate 70 and U.S. Route 40 at Exit 1B (U.S. Route 522 SOUTH, Hancock, Winchester) in Hancock, Washington County, Maryland
I-70/US 40 westbound at the exit for US 522 south in Hancock

The primary means of travel to and from Hancock are by road. Interstate 70 is the main highway serving the town. I-70 continues east to Baltimore and west to the southern suburbs of Pittsburgh. U.S. Route 40 runs concurrently with I-70 through the town, but just to the northwest, splits with I-70 to follow Interstate 68 westward towards Cumberland. U.S. Route 522 also traverses Hancock, heading northwest with I-70 into Pennsylvania and southward into eastern West Virginia towards Winchester, Virginia. Within the town, Maryland Route 144 serves as a local service route, following Main Street.

Notable people

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