Franklin County, Pennsylvania facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Franklin County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location within the U.S.
|Founded||September 9, 1784|
|Named for||Benjamin Franklin|
|• Total||773 sq mi (2,000 km2)|
|• Land||772 sq mi (2,000 km2)|
|• Water||0.6 sq mi (2 km2) 0.08%%|
| • Estimate
|• Density||199/sq mi (77/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Franklin County comprises the Chambersburg-Waynesboro, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA, Combined Statistical Area. It lies to a large extent within the Cumberland Valley.
Originally part of Lancaster County (1729), then York County (1749), then Cumberland County (1750), Franklin County became an independent jurisdiction on September 9, 1784, relatively soon after the end of the American Revolutionary War. It is named in honor of Founding Father Benjamin Franklin.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 773 square miles (2,000 km2), of which 772 square miles (2,000 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (0.08%) is water.
Franklin County is in the watershed of the Chesapeake Bay and the overwhelming majority of it is drained by the Potomac River, but the Conodoguinet Creek and the Sherman Creek drain northeastern portions into the Susquehanna River.
- Juniata County (north)
- Perry County (northeast)
- Cumberland County (northeast)
- Huntingdon County (Northwest)
- Adams County (east)
- Frederick County, Maryland (southeast)
- Washington County, Maryland (south)
- Fulton County (west)
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 129,313 people, 50,633 households, and 36,405 families residing in the county. The population density was 168 people per square mile (65/km²). There were 53,803 housing units at an average density of 70 per square mile (27/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.33% White, 2.33% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.55% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.74% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. 1.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 40.2% were of German, 19.4% American, 7.6% Irish and 6.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.0% spoke English and 2.1% Spanish as their first language.
There were 50,633 households out of which 30.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.00% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.10% were non-families. 23.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males.
There are three Pennsylvania state parks in Franklin County.
- Caledonia State Park straddles the Franklin and Adams County line along U.S. Route 30 between Chambersburg and Gettysburg.
- Buchanan's Birthplace State Park is the birthplace of the 15th President of the United States, James Buchanan.
- Mont Alto State Park is the oldest state park in Pennsylvania.
Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following boroughs and townships are located in Franklin County:
- Chambersburg (county seat)
- Mont Alto
- Shippensburg (mostly in Cumberland County)
- Antrim Township
- Fannett Township
- Greene Township
- Guilford Township
- Hamilton Township
- Letterkenny Township
- Lurgan Township
- Metal Township
- Montgomery Township
- Peters Township
- Quincy Township
- Southampton Township
- St. Thomas Township
- Warren Township
- Washington Township
Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.
The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Franklin County.
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Municipal type||Population (2010 Census)|
|3||Shippensburg (mostly in Cumberland County)||Borough||5,492|
|15||Blue Ridge Summit||CDP||891|
Franklin County, Pennsylvania Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.