kids encyclopedia robot

Endothelium facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Endotelijalna ćelija.jpg
Diagram showing the location of endothelial cells
Transmission electron micrograph of a microvessel showing endothelial cells, which encircle an erythrocyte (E), forming the innermost layer of the vessel, the tunica intima.
System Circulatory system

Endothelium is a layer of cells that line the walls of the circulatory system which carries blood around the body. The cells form a membrane so that certain substances, such as nutrients, can move through the walls. In an adult human there is about 1 kg of endothelium cells, which would cover an area of about 7m2. The endothelium plays an important part in controlling the flow of blood around the body.

Images for kids

kids search engine
Endothelium Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.