kids encyclopedia robot

Eriophorum facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Eriophorum Cotton Grass.JPG
Eriophorum vaginatum
Scientific classification e
Unrecognized taxon (fix): Eriophorum
Type species
Eriophorum vaginatum
  • Eriophoropsis Palla
  • Leucoma Ehrh.
  • Linagrostis Guett.
  • Plumaria Bubani
  • Plumaria Heist. ex Fabr.

Eriophorum (cottongrass, cotton-grass or cottonsedge) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Cyperaceae, the sedge family. They are found throughout the arctic, subarctic, and temperate portions of the Northern Hemisphere in acid bog habitats, being particularly abundant in Arctic tundra regions.

They are herbaceous perennial plants with slender, grass-like leaves. The seed heads are covered in a fluffy mass of cotton-like fibers which are carried on the wind to aid dispersal. The cotton grass also maintains a height of 12 inches and around 2 inches in water. In cold Arctic regions, these masses of translucent fibres also serve as 'down' – increasing the temperature of the reproductive organs during the Arctic summer by trapping solar radiation.

Paper and the wicks of candles have been made of its fiber, and pillows stuffed with the same material. The leaves were formerly used in treating diarrhea, and the spongy pith of the stem for the removal of tapeworm.

Selected species

These species are included:

  • Eriophorum angustifolium Honck. – widespread across Europe, Asia, North America
  • Eriophorum × beringianum Raymond – Alaska including Aleutians; Magadan region of Russia (hybrid E. angustifolium × E. chamissonis)
  • Eriophorum brachyantherum Trautv. & C.A.Mey. – Scandinavia, northern Russia, Mongolia, Korea, Alaska, northern Canada
  • Eriophorum callitrix Cham. ex C.A.Mey. – Siberia, Russian Far East, Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Montana, Wyoming
  • Eriophorum chamissonis C.A.Mey. – Siberia, Russian Far East, Korea, Mongolia, Alaska, Canada, Greenland, northern and western United States
  • Eriophorum crinigerum (A.Gray) Beetle – Oregon, northwestern California
  • Eriophorum × fellowsii (Fernald) M.S.Novos. – Ontario, Maine, Massachusetts (hybrid E. virginicum × E. viridicarinatum)
  • Eriophorum gracile Koch – much of Europe; northern and Central Asia; China, Tibet, Mongolia, Alaska, Canada, northern United States
  • Eriophorum × gracilifolium M.S.Novos. – European Russia (hybrid E. gracile × E. latifolium)
  • Eriophorum humile Turcz. – Altai, Tuva, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Amur
  • Eriophorum latifolium Hoppe – much of Europe; Caucasus, Turkey, Mongolia
  • Eriophorum × medium Andersson – scattered locations in Finland, Norway, Russia, Alaska, Quebec, Labrador (hybrid E. chamissonis × E. scheuchzeri)
  • Eriophorum × polystachiovaginatum Beauverd – France (hybrid E. angustifolium × E. vaginatum)
  • Eriophorum × pylaieanum Raymond – scattered locations in Canada and Alaska (hybrid E. chamissonis × E. vaginatum)
  • Eriophorum × rousseauianum Raymond – Alaska, Quebec (hybrid E. angustifolium × E. scheuchzeri)
  • Eriophorum scabriculme (Beetle) Raymond – Vietnam
  • Eriophorum scheuchzeri Hoppe – much of Europe; northern and Central Asia including Siberia, Xinjiang, Himalayas, Alaska, Greenland, Canada, mountains of western United States
  • Eriophorum tenellum Nutt. – eastern Canada and northeastern United States from Nunavut and Labrador to New Jersey
  • Eriophorum tolmatchevii M.S.Novos. – Krasnoyarsk, Yakutiya
  • Eriophorum transiens Raymond – Guizhou
  • Eriophorum vaginatum L. – most of genus range
  • Eriophorum virginicum L. – eastern North America from Labrador to Tennessee, west to Michigan
  • Eriophorum viridicarinatum (Engelm.) Fernald – Canada including Arctic territories; northern United States

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Eriophorum para niños

kids search engine
Eriophorum Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.