Fairfield Township, Butler County, Ohio facts for kids
Fairfield Township, one of thirteen townships in Butler County, Ohio, United States, is located in the south central portion of the county. It had a population of 21,373 at the 2010 census, up from 15,571 in 2000, but down sharply from 49,353 in 1990 because of the withdrawal of the city of Fairfield in 1994 and annexations from Fairfield and Hamilton. Before annexations by the cities of Hamilton and Fairfield, it had an area of about 50 square miles (130 km2).
The township was erected by the Butler County Court of Quarter Sessions on May 10, 1803, as one of the first five townships of the county. Its boundaries were:
- Beginning at the bank of the Miami, on the eastern side, at the place where the south boundary line of the county strikes the same; thence east with the southern boundary line of the county to the southeast corner of section No. 14 of the second township of the second entire range; thence north to the Great Miami river; thence southwestwardly down the same to the place of beginning.
For a brief period in 1994 and 1995, the township was incorporated as the City of Indian Springs under a special law enacted by the Ohio General Assembly, but it reverted to township status when this law was declared unconstitutional by the courts.
Located in the southern part of the county, it borders the following townships and cities:
- St. Clair Township - north, across the Great Miami River
- Madison Township - northeast
- Liberty Township - east, north of West Chester Township
- West Chester Township - east, south of Liberty Township
- Fairfield - south
- Ross Township - southwest
- Hamilton - west
Because the course of the Great Miami River has changed since its borders were fixed, some of the township is now west of the river. The lowest point in Butler County, elevation 520 feet (160 m), is in the township, where the Great Miami River crosses the county line, the township's southern boundary.
The name is reflective of the gentle topography there. It is one of seven Fairfield Townships statewide.
The Miami and Erie Canal once ran through the township between Cincinnati and Hamilton. The Cincinnati, Hamilton and Dayton Railroad, now part of CSX Transportation, has its mainline through the township. Major highways include State Route 4 (the main road between Hamilton and Middletown) and the Butler County Regional Highway (aka State Route 129). U.S. Route 127, leading south to Cincinnati, passes through Hamilton west of the township.
Historic population figures
- Bert S. Barlow, W.H. Todhunter, Stephen D. Cone, Joseph J. Pater, and Frederick Schneider, eds. Centennial History of Butler County, Ohio. Hamilton, Ohio: B.F. Bowen, 1905.
- Jim Blount. The 1900s: 100 Years In the History of Butler County, Ohio. Hamilton, Ohio: Past Present Press, 2000.
- Butler County Engineer's Office. Butler County Official Transportation Map, 2003. Fairfield Township, Butler County, Ohio: The Office, 2003.
- A History and Biographical Cyclopaedia of Butler County, Ohio with Illustrations and Sketches of Its Representative Men and Pioneers. Cincinnati, Ohio: Western Biographical Publishing Company, 1882. 
- John Kieswetter. "Indian Springs name sticks: Township had moment as city". The Cincinnati Enquirer. November 17, 2003 
- Ohio. Secretary of State. The Ohio municipal and township roster, 2002–2003. Columbus, Ohio: The Secretary, 2003.
Fairfield Township, Butler County, Ohio Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.