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Fairfield, Ohio
City of Fairfield
Fairfield Community Arts Center
Fairfield Community Arts Center
Flag of Fairfield, Ohio
Official seal of Fairfield, Ohio
City of Opportunity
Location in Ohio
Location in Ohio
Location of Fairfield in Butler County
Location of Fairfield in Butler County
Country United States
State Ohio
Counties Butler, Hamilton
Founded 1787
Incorporated 1955
Reclassified as city 1960
Chartered January 1, 1980
Withdrew from Fairfield, Union, and Springfield townships 1995
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Total 20.92 sq mi (54.18 km2)
 • Land 20.83 sq mi (53.96 km2)
 • Water 0.09 sq mi (0.22 km2)
591 ft (180 m)
 • Total 42,510
 • Estimate 
 • Density 2,042.72/sq mi (788.72/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern Daylight Saving Time)
ZIP code(s)
45014 (with small portions consisting of 45011 (mainly Hamilton, Ohio) & 45069 (mainly West Chester Township, Butler County, Ohio))
Area code(s) 513
FIPS code 39-25970
GNIS feature ID 1048720

Fairfield is a suburban city located in both Butler and Hamilton counties in the U.S. state of Ohio. Fairfield is located approximately 25 miles north of Cincinnati and is situated on the east bank of the Great Miami River. The population was 42,510 at the 2010 census. Incorporated in 1955 from portions of Fairfield Township, it includes the former hamlets of Symmes Corner, Fair Play, Furmandale, and Stockton. The Fairfield City School District is one of the largest in Ohio and serves both the City of Fairfield and Fairfield Township.


An evolution of Fairfield:

  • 1877 — The Groh family settles in what would become the city of Fairfield. Patriarch Fred Groh purchased 50 acres (200,000 m2) in Fairfield Twp.
  • 1953 — On August 6, 1953, the Hamilton Journal and Daily News reported a master plan to annex half of Fairfield Twp., taking half the schools and the township's major industries.
  • 1954 — In April, voters said 'no' to incorporating the entire township 1,219 to 831. On July 10, township residents said 'yes' to incorporating 738 for to 216 against.
  • 1955 — Attempts to detach the village and annex into Hamilton continued. The council pursued to annex a 10-square-mile (26 km2) area known as Stockton. Results of a special census were announced on September 20 there were 6,202 residents.
  • 1965 — The third, and current, Fairfield Municipal Building was dedicated.
  • 1972 — The 11th annual Homearama is held in Fairfield, the first one outside Hamilton County. Homearama's annual showcase returned two more times in Fairfield.
  • 1974 — Jim Boniminio purchases land at 5440 Dixie Highway and after a reluctant planning commission approves his request to open a permanent fruit and vegetable market on the industrial zoned land. Today Jungle Jim's International Market has 50,000 weekly shoppers and annual sales of nearly $100 million.
  • 1979 — The Fairfield Golf team wins a state championship, the first team or individual state title for the school.
  • 1985 - Fairfield wins State HS Baseball Championships.
  • 1986 — Fairfield HS wins state football championship versus Lakewood St. Edwards.
  • 1989 — Forest Fair Mall opens with three anchors and 37 specialty stores. The $200 million mall with 1,700,000 square feet (160,000 m2) straddles the Fairfield and Forest Park border. Redevelopment of the mall in 2004 leads to renaming the mall Cincinnati Mills.
  • 1991 — The Fairfield High School baseball team is named USA Today National Champions
  • 2001 — In September, Village Green Park debuted. It was developed to give Fairfield a downtown.
  • 2005 — In May, the Community Arts Center debuted, completing the city's "crown jewel". The Community Arts Center serves as a "bookend" to the Fairfield Lane Library, which opened in Village Green.
  • 2012 — On July 28, the Joe Nuxhall Miracle League Fields, the region's first multi-field complex for tournament play by the disabled, celebrated opening day.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21.06 square miles (54.55 km2), of which 20.94 square miles (54.23 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.31 km2) is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 9,734
1970 14,680 50.8%
1980 30,777 109.7%
1990 39,729 29.1%
2000 42,097 6.0%
2010 42,510 1.0%
2019 (est.) 42,558 0.1%

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 42,510 people, 17,415 households, and 11,372 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,030.1 inhabitants per square mile (783.8/km2). There were 18,803 housing units at an average density of 897.9 per square mile (346.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 79.0% White, 12.8% African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.0% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.5% of the population.

There were 17,415 households, of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.7% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.97.

The median age in the city was 38.3 years. 23.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.4% were from 25 to 44; 28% were from 45 to 64; and 13% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.2% male and 51.8% female.



Fairfield has a highly diversified economy without a dominant industry, though two of the city's top employers are insurance companies. The corporate headquarters of insurance company Cincinnati Financial is located in Fairfield.

Jungle Jim's International Market is a regional tourism destination featuring food and beverage items from all over the world. Jim Boniminio started the market in 1974 as a fruit stand. A reluctant planning commission approved his request on the condition that he would ultimately construct a permanent storefront. Today Jungle Jim's International Market has 50,000 weekly shoppers and annual sales of nearly $100 million.

Top employers

As of March 2017, Fairfield's largest employers were:

Rank Employer Number of Employees
1 Cincinnati Financial 2,800
2 Liberty Mutual 1,400
3 Mercy Health — Fairfield Hospital 1,250
4 Koch Foods 1,000
5 Fairfield City School District 900
6 Pacific Manufacturing 650
7 Express Scripts 600
8 Takumi Stamping 500
9 Veritiv 450
10 Tri-County Extended Care 400


Fairfield Senior High School (Fairfield, OH)
Fairfield High School.

Fairfield City School District operates Fairfield High School as well as the Fairfield Freshmen School, two middle schools and six elementary schools. Parochial education options include Sacred Heart of Jesus School, Stephen T. Badin High School and Cincinnati Christian schools. A branch campus of Miami University is located a few miles north of Fairfield in the City of Hamilton. The Fairfield Lane Library is a branch of the Lane Public Library system.

Notable people

  • Rayne Johnson, country singer
  • Joe Nuxhall, Cincinnati Reds player and announcer

See also

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