Fairfield County, Ohio facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Fairfield County, Ohio
Seal of Fairfield County, Ohio
Map
Map of Ohio highlighting Fairfield County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the USA highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded December 9, 1800
Seat Lancaster
Largest City Lancaster
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

509 sq mi (1,318 km²)
504 sq mi (1,305 km²)
4.2 sq mi (11 km²), 0.8%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

146,156
290/sq mi (112/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.co.fairfield.oh.us
Named for: the Fairfield area of Lancaster, Lancashire, UK

Fairfield County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 146,156. Its county seat is Lancaster. Its name is a reference to the Fairfield area of the original Lancaster.

Fairfield County is part of the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Fairfield County originally encompassed all or parts of present day Knox, Hocking, Licking, Perry, and Pickaway counties. Fairfield is a descriptive name referring to the beauty of their fields.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 509 square miles (1,320 km2), of which 504 square miles (1,310 km2) is land and 4.2 square miles (11 km2) (0.8%) is water.

Fairfield County sits just on the edge of Ohio's Appalachian region. While the once-glaciated northern portion of the county is fairly flat, as one travels south along U.S. 33 one can easily recognize the foothills of a mountainous region beginning around the village of Carroll. Although not officially part of the state or federal definition of Appalachia, certain areas of Fairfield County—particularly south of U.S. 22—bear a distinctly Appalachian feel in both physical geography and demographics.

The scenic Hocking Hills region lies immediately to the south, mostly in neighboring Hocking County. A large portion of Buckeye Lake is located in northeastern Fairfield County.

Mudhouse Mansion, an alleged haunted house, was located in the county.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 11,361
1820 16,633 46.4%
1830 24,786 49.0%
1840 31,924 28.8%
1850 30,264 −5.2%
1860 30,538 0.9%
1870 31,138 2.0%
1880 34,284 10.1%
1890 33,939 −1.0%
1900 34,259 0.9%
1910 39,201 14.4%
1920 40,484 3.3%
1930 44,010 8.7%
1940 48,490 10.2%
1950 52,130 7.5%
1960 63,912 22.6%
1970 73,301 14.7%
1980 93,678 27.8%
1990 103,461 10.4%
2000 122,759 18.7%
2010 146,156 19.1%
Est. 2015 151,408 3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2000 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 146,156 people, 54,310 households, and 39,846 families residing in the county. The population density was 289 people per square mile (111/km²). There were 58,678 housing units at an average density of 116 per square mile (44/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.02% White, 6.00% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 1.10% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 1.90% from two or more races. 1.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 54,310 households out of which 34.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.60% were non-families. 21.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 30.20% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.2 years. For every 100 females there were 99.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,962, and the median income for a family was $55,539. Males had a median income of $39,566 versus $27,353 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,671. About 4.50% of families and 5.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.40% of those under age 18 and 6.20% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 146,156 people, 54,310 households, and 39,846 families residing in the county. The population density was 289.8 inhabitants per square mile (111.9/km2). There were 58,687 housing units at an average density of 116.3 per square mile (44.9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.2% white, 6.0% black or African American, 1.1% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 31.2% were German, 16.2% were Irish, 11.7% were English, 8.6% were American, and 5.2% were Italian.

Of the 54,310 households, 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.3% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.6% were non-families, and 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age was 38.2 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $56,796 and the median income for a family was $65,835. Males had a median income of $49,314 versus $37,209 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,130. About 7.5% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.7% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Fairfield County map
Map of Fairfield County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Cities

Villages

Townships

  • Amanda
  • Berne
  • Bloom
  • Clearcreek
  • Greenfield
  • Hocking
  • Liberty
  • Madison
  • Pleasant
  • Richland
  • Rush Creek
  • Violet
  • Walnut

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

  • Cedar Hill
  • Clearport
  • Colfax
  • Delmont
  • Drinkle
  • Dumontsville
  • Geneva
  • Greencastle
  • Hamburg
  • Havensport
  • Hooker
  • Horns Mill
  • Jefferson
  • Lockville
  • Marcy
  • New Salem
  • North Berne
  • Oakland
  • Oakthorpe
  • Revenge
  • Royalton
  • Waterloo

Source:

Images for kids


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