kids encyclopedia robot

Pickaway County, Ohio facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Pickaway County
Pickaway County Courthouse
Pickaway County Courthouse
Official seal of Pickaway County
Map of Ohio highlighting Pickaway County
Location within the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Ohio
Founded 1 March 1810
Named for Pekowi band
Seat Circleville
Largest city Circleville
 • Total 507 sq mi (1,310 km2)
 • Land 501.32 sq mi (1,298.4 km2)
 • Water 5.23 sq mi (13.5 km2)  1.0%%
 • Total 58,539
 • Density 115.46/sq mi (44.58/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 15th

Pickaway County is a county in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 58,539. Its county seat is Circleville. Its name derives from the Pekowi band of Shawnee Indians, who inhabited the area. (See List of Ohio county name etymologies.)

Pickaway County is part of the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 507 square miles (1,310 km2), of which 501 square miles (1,300 km2) is land and 5.2 square miles (13 km2) (1.0%) is water.

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 7,124
1820 13,149 84.6%
1830 16,001 21.7%
1840 19,725 23.3%
1850 21,006 6.5%
1860 23,649 12.6%
1870 24,875 5.2%
1880 27,415 10.2%
1890 26,959 −1.7%
1900 27,016 0.2%
1910 26,158 −3.2%
1920 25,788 −1.4%
1930 27,238 5.6%
1940 27,889 2.4%
1950 29,352 5.2%
1960 35,855 22.2%
1970 40,071 11.8%
1980 43,662 9.0%
1990 48,255 10.5%
2000 52,727 9.3%
2010 55,698 5.6%
2020 58,539 5.1%
US Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2020

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 55,698 people, 19,624 households, and 14,286 families in the county. The population density was 111.1/sqmi (42.9/km2)42.4/sqmi (16.4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.5% white, 3.4% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 27.0% were German, 16.3% were American, 14.9% were Irish, and 11.1% were English.

Of the 19,624 households, 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.2% were non-families, and 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.03. The median age was 38.5 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $49,262 and the median income for a family was $58,811. Males had a median income of $44,224 versus $35,077 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,432. About 9.5% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.3% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.


Map of Pickaway County Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Pickaway County, Ohio with municipal and township labels




  • Circleville
  • Darby
  • Deer Creek
  • Harrison
  • Jackson
  • Madison
  • Monroe
  • Muhlenberg
  • Perry
  • Pickaway
  • Salt Creek
  • Scioto
  • Walnut
  • Washington
  • Wayne

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities


Manufacturing makes up a significant proportion of area industry and employment; in the 2010 census, 3075 county residents (13.4%) were employed in manufacturing. Circleville is home to the largest DuPont chemical plant in Ohio. Opened in the 1950s, it produces Mylar and Tedlar plastic films, the latter used extensively in the production of photovoltaic modules.

Other manufacturing concerns in Circleville or surrounding Pickaway County include Aleris, a producer of rolled and extruded aluminum products, and Florida Production Engineering (FPE), producing plastic injection molded components for the automotive industry. Georgia-Pacific, a manufacturer of paperboard containers and other paper products, has a plant located south of Circleville. The PPG Industries Circleville plant is the company's center for polymer resin production, primarily for automotive applications.

Other major employers include Berger Health System; Circleville City, Teays Valley Local and Logan Elm Local School districts; Circle Plastics/TriMold LLC; the State of Ohio; and Wal-Mart Stores.

Businesses that formerly operated include the Jefferson-Smurfit paper mill, a 300-acre site, that is being redeveloped. American Electric Power (AEP) owned the Picway Power Plant in the northern part of Pickaway County. The coal-fired power plant operated from 1926 to 2015. A GE Lighting plant opened in 1948. The plant closed in 2017. RCA/Thomson Glass operated from 1970 until its closing around 2006.


Teays Valley Local School District

Teays Valley is in the northern part of the county. Schools in this district include:

  • Teays Valley High School - 1,262 students
  • Teays Valley East Middle School (grades 6–8) - 523
  • Teays Valley West Middle School (grades 6–8) - 534
  • Ashville Elementary (grades PK-5) - 464
  • Walnut Elementary (grades PK-5) - 507
  • Scioto Elementary (grades PK-5) - 626
  • South Bloomfield Elementary (grades PK-5) - 458

Teays Valley has the largest number of students in the county at 4,374 total students.

Circleville City Schools

  • Circleville High School - 559 students
  • Circleville Middle School (grades 6–8) - 487
  • Circleville Elementary (grades K-5) - 1,029

Logan Elm Local Schools

Logan Elm consists of the area in Southeastern Pickaway County.

  • Logan Elm High School - 559 students
  • George McDowell-Exchange Middle School (grades 7–8) - 299
  • Salt Creek Intermediate School (grades 5–6) - 262
  • Washington Elementary (grades K-4) - 212
  • Pickaway Elementary (grades K-4) - 188

Westfall Local Schools

Westfall lies in the Western part of the county.

  • Westfall High School - 422 students
  • Westfall Middle School (grades 6–8) - 335
  • Westfall Elementary (grades K-5) - 588

Pickaway-Ross Career & Technology Center

Pickaway-Ross lies just below the county line in Ross County. Students from the following affiliated Pickaway and Ross county districts attend the vocational school:

  • Circleville City School District (Pickaway County)
  • Logan Elm Local School District (Pickaway County)
  • Westfall Local School District (Pickaway County)
  • Adena Local School District (Ross County)
  • Chillicothe City School District (Ross County)
  • Huntington Local School District (Ross County)
  • Paint Valley Local School District (Ross County)
  • Southeastern Local School District (Ross County)
  • Unioto Local School District (Ross County)
  • Zane Trace Local School District (Ross County)

Other notable aspects

Pickaway County is also known for its various places with the name "Hitler," including Hitler Road, Hitler-Ludwig Road, Hitler-Ludwig Cemetery, and Hitler Park. They are not named after Adolf Hitler but a local historical family named the Hitlers, described by a local paper in 2011 as "fine, upstanding citizens." The family included George Washington Hitler and his son, Dr. Gay Hitler, who worked as a local dentist between 1922 and 1946.

Black History Month on Kiddle
African-American Women in Medicine:
May Edward Chinn
Rebecca Cole
Alexa Canady
Dorothy Lavinia Brown
kids search engine
Pickaway County, Ohio Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.