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Ross County, Ohio facts for kids

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Ross County
Ross County Courthouse
Ross County Courthouse
Official seal of Ross County
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Ross County
Location within the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Ohio
Founded 20 August 1798
Named for James Ross
Seat Chillicothe
Largest city Chillicothe
Area
 • Total 693.03 sq mi (1,794.9 km2)
 • Land 689.19 sq mi (1,785.0 km2)
 • Water 3.84 sq mi (9.9 km2)  0.6%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 77,093
 • Density 111.2405/sq mi (42.9502/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts 2nd, 15th

Ross County is a county in the Appalachian region of the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 77,093. Its county seat is Chillicothe, the first and third capital of Ohio. Established on August 20, 1798, the county is named for Federalist Senator James Ross of Pennsylvania. Ross County comprises the Chillicothe, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Columbus-Marion-Zanesville, OH Combined Statistical Area.

History

As of 1848, Ross County was described as having almost "one hundred enclosures of various sizes, and five hundred mounds" by Ephraim George Squier and Edwin Hamilton Davis in their book, Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley. They describe the Indian-built earthworks as ranging from five to 30 feet in size, and enclosures of one to 50 acres large.

Geography

Ohio State Route 180
Countryside northeast of Chillicothe on State Route 180

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 693 square miles (1,790 km2), of which 689 square miles (1,780 km2) is land and 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2) (0.6%) is water. Ross County is the second-largest county by land area in Ohio, after Ashtabula County, as well as the fifth-largest by total area.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 8,540
1810 15,514 81.7%
1820 20,619 32.9%
1830 24,068 16.7%
1840 27,460 14.1%
1850 32,074 16.8%
1860 35,071 9.3%
1870 37,097 5.8%
1880 40,307 8.7%
1890 39,454 −2.1%
1900 40,940 3.8%
1910 40,069 −2.1%
1920 41,556 3.7%
1930 45,181 8.7%
1940 52,147 15.4%
1950 54,424 4.4%
1960 61,215 12.5%
1970 61,211 0.0%
1980 65,004 6.2%
1990 69,330 6.7%
2000 73,345 5.8%
2010 78,064 6.4%
2020 77,093 −1.2%
US Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2020

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 78,064 people, 28,919 households, and 19,782 families in the county. The population density was 113/sqmi (43.7/km2). There were 32,148 housing units at an average density of 46.6/sqmi (18.0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.7% white, 6.2% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 27.0% were German, 15.2% were Irish, 12.5% were American, and 10.5% were English.

Of the 28,919 households, 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.6% were non-families, and 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 39.8 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,626 and the median income for a family was $50,081. Males had a median income of $42,721 versus $32,374 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,595. About 13.1% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.7% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Ross County Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Ross County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

City

Villages

Townships

  • Buckskin
  • Colerain
  • Concord
  • Deerfield
  • Franklin
  • Green
  • Harrison
  • Huntington
  • Jefferson
  • Liberty
  • Paint
  • Paxton
  • Scioto
  • Springfield
  • Twin
  • Union

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Ghost town

Education

Pickaway-Ross Career & Technology Center

Pickaway-Ross lies in the Northern part of the county. Students from the following affiliated Ross and Pickaway county districts attend the vocational school:

  • Adena Local School District (Ross County)
  • Chillicothe City School District (Ross County)
  • Huntington Local School District (Ross County)
  • Paint Valley Local School District (Ross County)
  • Southeastern Local School District (Ross County)
  • Unioto Local School District (Ross County)
  • Zane Trace Local School District (Ross County)
  • Circleville City School District (Pickaway County)
  • Logan Elm Local School District (Pickaway County)
  • Westfall Local School District (Pickaway County)

Ohio University Chillicothe

Ohio University established a regional campus in Chillicothe in 1966. The university has over 2,500 students enrolled as of 2010, ranging from traditional-aged students and non-traditional learners.

Notable people

  • Clyde Beatty (1903-1965) - lion tamer and animal trainer
  • Blue Jacket (1743-1810) - Shawnee War Chief
  • William Granville Cochran (1844-1932) - Illinois state judge and legislator
  • Esther Housh (1840–1898) - social reformer, author, editor
  • Donald Ray Pollock (1954) - author
  • John Purdue (1802-1876) - founding benefactor of Purdue University
  • Frederick Madison Roberts (1879-1952) - great-grandson of Sally Hemings and Thomas Jefferson, first African-American elected to office on the West Coast (elected to California Assembly in 1918), and "dean of the assembly" who helped found the University of California at Los Angeles.
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