Ross County, Ohio facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Ross County, Ohio
Seal of Ross County, Ohio
Map
Map of Ohio highlighting Ross County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the USA highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded August 20, 1798
Seat Chillicothe
Largest City Chillicothe
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

693 sq mi (1,795 km²)
689 sq mi (1,785 km²)
3.8 sq mi (10 km²), 0.6%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

78,064
113/sq mi (44/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.co.ross.oh.us
Named for: James Ross

Ross County is a county located in the Appalachian region of the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 78,064. Its county seat is Chillicothe, the first and third capital of Ohio. Established on August 20, 1798, the county is named for Federalist Senator James Ross of Pennsylvania.

Ross County comprises the Chillicothe, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Columbus-Marion-Zanesville, OH Combined Statistical Area.

History

As of 1848, Ross County was described as having almost "one hundred enclosures of various sizes, and five hundred mounds" by Ephraim George Squier and Edwin Hamilton Davis in their book, Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley. They describe the Indian-built earthworks as ranging from five to 30 feet in size, and enclosures of one to 50 acres large.

Geography

Ohio State Route 180
Countryside northeast of Chillicothe on State Route 180

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 693 square miles (1,790 km2), of which 689 square miles (1,780 km2) is land and 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2) (0.6%) is water. Ross County is the second-largest county by land area in Ohio, after Ashtabula County, as well as the fifth-largest by total area.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Hopewell Culture National Historical Park

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1800 8,540
1810 15,514 81.7%
1820 20,619 32.9%
1830 24,068 16.7%
1840 27,460 14.1%
1850 32,074 16.8%
1860 35,071 9.3%
1870 37,097 5.8%
1880 40,307 8.7%
1890 39,454 −2.1%
1900 40,940 3.8%
1910 40,069 −2.1%
1920 41,556 3.7%
1930 45,181 8.7%
1940 52,147 15.4%
1950 54,424 4.4%
1960 61,215 12.5%
1970 61,211 0.0%
1980 65,004 6.2%
1990 69,330 6.7%
2000 73,345 5.8%
2010 78,064 6.4%
Est. 2015 77,170 5.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 73,345 people, 27,136 households, and 19,185 families residing in the county. The population density was 106 people per square mile (41/km²). There were 29,461 housing units at an average density of 43 per square mile (17/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.74% White, 6.20% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. 0.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 27,136 households out of which 32.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.20% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 31.60% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 12.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 108.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,117, and the median income for a family was $43,241. Males had a median income of $35,892 versus $23,399 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,569. About 9.10% of families and 12.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.10% of those under age 18 and 10.20% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 78,064 people, 28,919 households, and 19,782 families residing in the county. The population density was 113.3 inhabitants per square mile (43.7/km2). There were 32,148 housing units at an average density of 46.6 per square mile (18.0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.7% white, 6.2% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 27.0% were German, 15.2% were Irish, 12.5% were American, and 10.5% were English.

Of the 28,919 households, 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.6% were non-families, and 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 39.8 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,626 and the median income for a family was $50,081. Males had a median income of $42,721 versus $32,374 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,595. About 13.1% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.7% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Ross County Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Ross County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

City

Villages

Townships

  • Buckskin
  • Colerain
  • Concord
  • Deerfield
  • Franklin
  • Green
  • Harrison
  • Huntington
  • Jefferson
  • Liberty
  • Paint
  • Paxton
  • Scioto
  • Springfield
  • Twin
  • Union

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Ghost town


Ross County, Ohio Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.