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Fayette County, Ohio facts for kids

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Fayette County
Fayette County Courthouse
Official seal of Fayette County
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Fayette County
Location within the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Ohio
Founded March 1, 1810
Named for Marquis de Lafayette
Seat Washington Court House
Largest city Washington Court House
Area
 • Total 407 sq mi (1,050 km2)
 • Land 406 sq mi (1,050 km2)
 • Water 0.7 sq mi (2 km2)  0.2%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 28,951
 • Density 71.13/sq mi (27.46/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts 10th, 15th

Fayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 28,951. Its county seat is Washington Court House. The county was named for the Marquis de Lafayette, a Frenchman who was an officer in the American Army in the Revolution, when established on March 1, 1810.

Fayette County comprises the Washington Court House, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Columbus-Marion-Zanesville, OH Combined Statistical Area.

History

Fayette County was formed on March 1, 1810 from portions of Highland County and Ross County. It was named after Marie-Joseph Motier, Marquis de La Fayette, a French general and politician who took the side of the Colonials during the American Revolutionary War and who played an important role in the French Revolution.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 407 square miles (1,050 km2), of which 406 square miles (1,050 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) (0.2%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,854
1820 6,316 240.7%
1830 8,182 29.5%
1840 10,984 34.2%
1850 12,726 15.9%
1860 15,935 25.2%
1870 17,170 7.8%
1880 20,364 18.6%
1890 22,309 9.6%
1900 21,725 −2.6%
1910 21,744 0.1%
1920 21,518 −1.0%
1930 20,755 −3.5%
1940 21,385 3.0%
1950 22,554 5.5%
1960 24,775 9.8%
1970 25,461 2.8%
1980 27,467 7.9%
1990 27,466 0.0%
2000 28,433 3.5%
2010 29,030 2.1%
2020 28,951 −0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2020

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 29,030 people, 11,436 households, and 7,834 families living in the county. The population density was 71.4 inhabitants per square mile (27.6/km2). There were 12,693 housing units at an average density of 31.2 per square mile (12.0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.6% white, 2.0% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.8% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 21.9% were German, 15.4% were American, 10.6% were Irish, and 9.7% were English.

Of the 11,436 households, 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.5% were non-families, and 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 39.4 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,599 and the median income for a family was $48,424. Males had a median income of $39,078 versus $31,434 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,525. About 12.9% of families and 17.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.6% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Airport

Fayette County Airport is a general aviation facility owned by the county and located northeast of the city of Washington Court House.

Communities

Map of Fayette County Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Fayette County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

City

Villages

Townships

  • Concord
  • Green
  • Jasper
  • Jefferson
  • Madison
  • Marion
  • Paint
  • Perry
  • Union
  • Wayne

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

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