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Madison County, Ohio facts for kids

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Madison County
Madison County Courthouse
Madison County Courthouse
Flag of Madison County
Flag
Official seal of Madison County
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Madison County
Location within the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location within the U.S.
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Country  United States
State  Ohio
Founded February 16, 1810
Named for James Madison
Seat London
Largest city London
Area
 • Total 467 sq mi (1,210 km2)
 • Land 466 sq mi (1,210 km2)
 • Water 0.8 sq mi (2 km2)  0.2%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 43,824
 • Density 93.84/sq mi (36.23/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 15th

Madison County is a county located in the central portion of the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 43,824. Its county seat is London. The county is named for James Madison, President of the United States and was established on March 1, 1810.

Madison County is part of the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

In 2008, Madison County, which spans Interstates 70 and 71 as they converge on Columbus, was cited by the Ohio State Highway Patrol as leading the state for the most speeding tickets 20-mph or more over the posted limit. Despite a population of around 42,000 in 2006, over 7,700 such tickets were issued in three years. Three of Madison County's 18 fatal crashes in 2006 and 2007 occurred on interstates. Madison County is also home to the Ohio Peace Officer Training Academy, the Ohio Bureau of Criminal Identification & Investigation, and several prison facilities.

History

In 1850, the county contained 24 churches and one newspaper office, had a total population of 10,015, and the county's public school system had 3838 pupils. With agriculture as the primary business, that same year the county produced 726,451 bushels of corn, 19,308 tons of hay, 120,696 pounds of wool, and 128,948 pounds of butter. In 1900, the county had a population of 20,590.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 467 square miles (1,210 km2), of which 466 square miles (1,210 km2) is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) (0.2%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,603
1820 4,799 199.4%
1830 6,190 29.0%
1840 9,025 45.8%
1850 10,015 11.0%
1860 13,015 30.0%
1870 15,633 20.1%
1880 20,129 28.8%
1890 20,057 −0.4%
1900 20,590 2.7%
1910 19,902 −3.3%
1920 19,662 −1.2%
1930 20,253 3.0%
1940 21,811 7.7%
1950 22,300 2.2%
1960 26,454 18.6%
1970 28,318 7.0%
1980 33,004 16.5%
1990 37,068 12.3%
2000 40,213 8.5%
2010 43,435 8.0%
2020 43,824 0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2020

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 43,435 people, 14,734 households, and 10,580 families living in the county. The population density was 93.2 inhabitants per square mile (36.0/km2). There were 15,939 housing units at an average density of 34.2 per square mile (13.2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.6% white, 6.6% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 32.0% were German, 16.5% were Irish, 14.5% were American, and 9.6% were English.

Of the 14,734 households, 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.2% were non-families, and 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.04. The median age was 39.1 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $50,533 and the median income for a family was $63,397. Males had a median income of $46,550 versus $33,193 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,980. About 8.9% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.1% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.

Libraries

The following libraries serve the communities of Madison County.

Communities

Map of Madison County Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Madison County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

City

Villages

Townships

  • Canaan
  • Darby
  • Deer Creek
  • Fairfield
  • Jefferson
  • Monroe
  • Oak Run
  • Paint
  • Pike
  • Pleasant
  • Range
  • Somerford
  • Stokes
  • Union

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

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