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Plain City, Ohio
Corporation limit signage
Corporation limit signage
Location of Plain City, Ohio
Location of Plain City, Ohio
Location of Plain City in Madison County
Location of Plain City in Madison County
Coordinates: 40°6′27″N 83°16′4″W / 40.10750°N 83.26778°W / 40.10750; -83.26778Coordinates: 40°6′27″N 83°16′4″W / 40.10750°N 83.26778°W / 40.10750; -83.26778
Country United States
State Ohio
Counties Madison, Union
 • Total 2.49 sq mi (6.44 km2)
 • Land 2.46 sq mi (6.38 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)
935 ft (285 m)
 • Total 4,225
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1,861.20/sq mi (718.69/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 614
FIPS code 39-63030
GNIS feature ID 1061547

Plain City is a village in Madison and Union counties in the U.S. state of Ohio, along Big Darby Creek. The population was 4,225 at the 2010 census. According to the official website, their mission statement is "to govern with integrity and fiscal responsibility providing quality services and programs to promote prosperity, safety and the well-being of our citizens and community".


Downtown Plain City, 1906
Dedication of flag pole, 1917
Clock tower - Plain City, Ohio
Clock tower
Farmers National Bank in Plain City
Farmers National Bank

Until about 1800, the Ohio Country was inhabited by Mingo and Wyandot Indians, and there was an Indian village just north of present-day Plain City. After 1795, as white settlers began moving into the region, the area around present-day Plain City was referred to as Pleasant Valley.

In 1814, Isaac Bigelow travelled to the area from Centre County, Pennsylvania to pay for land purchased from his uncle, then returned to Pennsylvania to study medicine with his father. He returned in 1817, and settled in the Pleasant Valley area in 1818. He hired a surveyor named David Chapman, and laid out the town of Westminster on June 11, 1818. At the time, Westminster lay wholly within Darby Township in Madison County. In 1820, when Union County was formed, the county line was moved to the middle of Westminster. In 1823, the previous survey was resurveyed, additional territory was incorporated, and the town's name was changed from Westminster to Pleasant Valley. From 1832 to 1851, there were six additions to the town limits. In 1851, due to there already being another town in Ohio named Pleasant Valley, the town changed its name to Plain City.

Previous to 1850, Plain City was a smaller trading point than Amity, but after a trunk-line for the Atlantic and Great Western Railroad was laid through its corporation limits, business and manufacturing increased dramatically. The corporation limits were extended in 1868. As of 1875, the town contained five churches, one newspaper, one bank, one brick planing mill, one flour mill, four dry goods stores, three drug stores, three grocery stores, one jewelry store, one hotel, one carriage and wagon store, two harness shops, two wagon shops, two blacksmith shops, and a boot and shoe store.

The Farmers National Bank, a building at the intersection of State Route 161 and Chillocothe Street was built in 1902, and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1995. The town clock, located at the same intersection, was dedicated on November 15, 1902.

Plain City and the surrounding area have a strong German and agricultural heritage. An Amish settlement at Plain City, that was founded in 1896, finally dissolved in 2011.


Plain City is located at the juncture of U.S. Route 42 and State Route 161, eight minutes from Dublin and 12 minutes from Marysville.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.40 square miles (6.22 km2), of which 2.38 square miles (6.16 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 908
1890 1,245 37.1%
1900 1,432 15.0%
1910 1,407 −1.7%
1920 1,330 −5.5%
1930 1,288 −3.2%
1940 1,385 7.5%
1950 1,715 23.8%
1960 2,146 25.1%
1970 2,254 5.0%
1980 2,102 −6.7%
1990 2,278 8.4%
2000 2,832 24.3%
2010 4,225 49.2%
2019 (est.) 4,586 8.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
Clock tower - Plain City, Ohio
Clock tower, 2013
Farmers National Bank in Plain City
Farmers National Bank building, 2010
Plain City Police vehicle, 2009

The population of Plain City was about 700 in 1875, 1,245 in 1890, 1,432 in 1900, 1,407 in 1910, and about 1,500 in 1915.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,225 people, 1,609 households, and 1,150 families living in the village. The population density was 1,775.2 inhabitants per square mile (685.4/km2). There were 1,699 housing units at an average density of 713.9 per square mile (275.6/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 96.0% White, 0.6% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.

There were 1,609 households, of which 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.5% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.16.

The median age in the village was 37.2 years. 29.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.2% were from 25 to 44; 21.6% were from 45 to 64; and 14.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 47.1% male and 52.9% female.

According to the 2019: ACS 5-Year Estimates Subject Tables, 94.6 percent of people above 25 in the village were at least a high school graduate or higher; and 35.6 percent of people had a bachelor's degree or higher as well.


Tractors at the Fairgrounds in Plain City, Ohio
Tractors on display at 2009 Miami Valley Steam Threshers show at Pastime Park

The village's public park is Pastime Park, and features baseball and softball diamonds, camping facilities, a 0.5 miles (0.80 km) nature walking path, two children's play parks, and the village's public pool, Pastime Pool.

Each year, during the month of July, the village hosts the Miami Valley Steam Threshers show at Pastime Park, which showcases antique tractors, steam threshers and other farm equipment.

Notable people

  • Jonathan Alder - Pioneer
  • Israel Beachy - Musician
  • James Dillion - 1952 Summer Olympics bronze medalist
  • Arnett Howard - Musician
  • Herbert Huffman - Musician and choir director, founder of the American Boychoir School
  • Donnie Nickey - NFL player
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