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Washington Court House, Ohio facts for kids

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Washington Court House, Ohio
Downtown Washington Court House from the courthouse lawn
Downtown Washington Court House from the courthouse lawn
Official seal of Washington Court House, Ohio
Washington C.H.
Location of Washington Court House, Ohio
Location of Washington Court House, Ohio
Location of Washington Court House in Fayette County
Location of Washington Court House in Fayette County
Country United States
State Ohio
County Fayette
Township Union
 • Total 8.85 sq mi (22.93 km2)
 • Land 8.79 sq mi (22.77 km2)
 • Water 0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
 • Total 14,401
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1,602.71/sq mi (618.80/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code 740
FIPS code 39-81214

Washington Court House (often abbreviated as Washington C.H.) is a city in Union Township, Fayette County, Ohio. It is the county seat of Fayette County and is located between Cincinnati and Columbus. The population grew almost 1.5% from 2010 to 2020 approaching 14,401 people according to the 2020 census results. The area was initially settled by Virginia veterans of the American Revolution, who received the land from the government as payment for their service in the war.


Washington Court House's first settlers appear to have been Edward Smith, Sr., and his family, who emigrated from Pennsylvania in 1810. Smith and his family constructed a crude house in the thick woodlands near Paint Creek, but their efforts to clear the land were interrupted by his departure for military service in the War of 1812. Comparatively soon after returning from his martial pursuits, Smith drowned while attempting to cross a flooded creek, but his widow and ten children survived and prospered despite the absence of their patriarch. Smith's descendents remained prominent in Fayette County for more than a century after his arrival from Pennsylvania, although many had left Washington Court House for other parts of the county. A family residence still stands on U.S. Route 62 not far outside the city's eastern boundary.

In 1833, Washington Court House (then known as Washington) contained a printing office, seven stores, two taverns, two groceries, a schoolhouse, a meeting house, and about 70 residential houses.

Numerous locations in the city are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Downtown, the courthouse square has been named a historic district, and a similar designation has been accorded the city cemetery. Nine individual buildings are separately listed on the Register: Judy Chapel at the cemetery, the former Washington School, the Fayette County Courthouse, the former William Burnett House (no longer standing), and the Barney Kelley, Jacob Light, Rawlings-Brownell, Robinson-Pavey, and Morris Sharp Houses.


Washington Court House is located at 39°32′11″N 83°26′8″W / 39.53639°N 83.43556°W / 39.53639; -83.43556, along Paint Creek.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.80 square miles (22.79 km2), of which 8.74 square miles (22.64 km2) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 191
1830 299 56.5%
1850 569
1860 1,035 81.9%
1870 2,117 104.5%
1880 3,798 79.4%
1890 5,742 51.2%
1900 5,751 0.2%
1910 7,277 26.5%
1920 7,962 9.4%
1930 8,426 5.8%
1940 9,402 11.6%
1950 10,560 12.3%
1960 12,388 17.3%
1970 12,495 0.9%
1980 12,648 1.2%
1990 12,983 2.6%
2000 13,524 4.2%
2010 14,192 4.9%
2019 (est.) 14,091 −0.7%

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 14,192 people, 5,762 households, and 3,628 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,623.8 inhabitants per square mile (627.0/km2). There were 6,433 housing units at an average density of 736.0 per square mile (284.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.5% White, 2.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8% of the population.

There were 5,762 households, of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.7% were married couples living together, 16.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.0% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.92.

The median age in the city was 38.4 years. 25% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.7% were from 25 to 44; 25.2% were from 45 to 64; and 15.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.7% male and 52.3% female.


Fayette County Airport is a county-owned general aviation facility that is located northeast of Washington Court House.


Education in Washington Court House, Ohio, comprises two public school districts, as well as a private school and a community college.

  • Washington Court House City School District enrolls most school-aged children within the city limits of Washington Court House.
  • Miami Trace Local School District includes Miami Trace High School.
  • Fayette Christian School
  • The Fayette County campus of Southern State Community College

Washington Court House has a public library, housed in a historic Carnegie library building.

Notable people

Images for kids

See also

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