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Perry County, Ohio facts for kids

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Perry County
Perry County Courthouse
Official seal of Perry County
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Perry County
Location within the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location within the U.S.
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Country  United States
State  Ohio
Founded March 1, 1818
Named for Oliver Hazard Perry
Seat New Lexington
Largest City New Lexington
Area
 • Total 412 sq mi (1,070 km2)
 • Land 408 sq mi (1,060 km2)
 • Water 4.5 sq mi (12 km2)  1.1%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 35,408
 • Density 85.94/sq mi (33.18/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 15th

Perry County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 35,408. Its county seat is New Lexington. Founded on March 1, 1818, from parts of Fairfield, Washington and Muskingum counties, it was the 55th county to be formed in Ohio. The county is named for Oliver Hazard Perry, a hero of the War of 1812.

Perry County is included in the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

One of the poorest counties in the state, this is where the lawsuit challenging Ohio's school funding system, DeRolph v. State, began.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 412 square miles (1,070 km2), of which 408 square miles (1,060 km2) is land and 4.5 square miles (12 km2) (1.1%) is water.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Wayne National Forest (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 8,429
1830 13,970 65.7%
1840 19,344 38.5%
1850 20,775 7.4%
1860 19,678 −5.3%
1870 18,453 −6.2%
1880 28,218 52.9%
1890 31,151 10.4%
1900 31,841 2.2%
1910 35,396 11.2%
1920 36,098 2.0%
1930 31,445 −12.9%
1940 31,087 −1.1%
1950 28,999 −6.7%
1960 27,864 −3.9%
1970 27,434 −1.5%
1980 31,032 13.1%
1990 31,557 1.7%
2000 34,078 8.0%
2010 36,058 5.8%
2020 35,408 −1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2020

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 36,058 people, 13,576 households, and 9,738 families living in the county. The population density was 88.4 inhabitants per square mile (34.1/km2). There were 15,211 housing units at an average density of 37.3 per square mile (14.4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.9% white, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 25.4% were German, 14.9% were Irish, 10.4% were English, and 9.6% were American.

Of the 13,576 households, 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.3% were non-families, and 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.06. The median age was 38.6 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,388 and the median income for a family was $50,489. Males had a median income of $39,305 versus $31,112 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,916. About 14.2% of families and 18.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.4% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Perry County Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Perry County, Ohio with municipal and township labels

Villages

Townships

  • Bearfield
  • Clayton
  • Coal
  • Harrison
  • Hopewell
  • Jackson
  • Madison
  • Monday Creek
  • Monroe
  • Pike
  • Pleasant
  • Reading
  • Salt Lick
  • Thorn

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

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