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Freshwater
SydneyNew South Wales
Freshwaterbeach pittwater council.jpg
Freshwater Beach
Population 8,252 (2011 census)
Postcode(s) 2096
Location 17 km (11 mi) north-east of Sydney CBD
LGA(s) Northern Beaches Council
State electorate(s) Manly
Federal Division(s) Warringah
Suburbs around Freshwater:
Brookvale Curl Curl
North Manly Freshwater Tasman Sea
Manly Queenscliff

Freshwater is a suburb of northern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Freshwater is located 17 kilometres (11 mi) north-east of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of Northern Beaches Council and is part of the Northern Beaches region.

History

Aboriginal culture

The area was once home to the Kuring-gai people and evidence of their habitation remains today in the form of rock engravings, open campsites, and rock shelters.

European settlement

The first Crown grant of land in the area was to Thomas Bruin on 27 September 1815, and consisted of 50 acres (20 ha) directly opposite the beach. The Manly Land Company subdivided and named the property Freshwater Estate in December 1884.

In 1886 W M Gordon surveyed the subdivision named Harbord Estate. The land, divided into two sections, north and south of Curl Curl Lagoon (now named Manly Lagoon) was offered for sale in August 1886.

History of the suburb name

The Harbord Estate was named to honour the wife of New South Wales Governor Lord Carrington (gov. 1885–90). Before her marriage, Lady Carrington was the Honourable Cecilia Margaret Harbord.

For many years, the beach and the district behind it was known as Freshwater which was probably named after the stream of fresh water that ran down to the beach (now Oceanview Road). However, some time after the naming of Harbord Estate, a number of residents began to believe that the holiday image of Freshwater should be upgraded by a name change to Harbord. The change of name attracted much controversy and debate and occasionally became quite heated. When the first local district school was built in 1912, a petition was sent to the Minister of Education requesting it should be called Harbord Public School. The Minister declined and officially opened it Freshwater Public School. Pressure was then directed towards renaming the post office. The Postmaster-General finally accepted the views of those who wanted a residential image and Freshwater officially became Harbord on 1 September 1923.

Freshwater Bay Post Office opened on 20 April 1909 and was renamed Freshwater in 1912.

In 2003 the Harbord Chamber of Commerce submitted a request to Warringah Council to support an application to the Geographical Names Board of New South Wales to rename the suburb of Harbord to Freshwater. In public consultation 774 voted in favour and 161 voted against with the results recorded in council minutes on 8 March 2005. The suburb of Harbord was officially named Freshwater on 12 January 2008.

Population

At the 2011 census, there were 8,252 residents in Freshwater. The majority of people (67.7%) were born in Australia with the top other countries of birth being England 8.4% and New Zealand 2.9%. The median weekly household income of 1,833 was higher than the national median of $1,234. The housing in Freshwater was evenly spread between houses and units and the median monthly mortgage payment was $2,600.

Landmarks

Freshwater Beach is between Curl Curl and Queenscliff and lies on the Manly to Curl Curl Beach walk.

The Harbord Beach Hotel is 200 metres from the beach and is known to locals as the "Harbord Hilton", due to its previous state of disrepair prior to renovations. Harbord Diggers, an RSL club, has bowling greens and views of the ocean.

Twin/sister cities

Hawaii Waikiki Honolulu, Hawaii, United States

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