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Garawarra State Conservation Area facts for kids

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Garawarra State Conservation Area
New South Wales
Camp Gully Sassafras.jpg
Camp Gully Rainforest with Sassafras in the conservation area
Nearest town or city Helensburgh
Established December 1987 (1987-12)
Area 9.49 km2 (3.7 sq mi)
Managing authorities NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service
Website Garawarra State Conservation Area

The Garawarra State Conservation Area is a protected conservation area that is located on the southern suburban fringe of Greater Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, in eastern Australia. The 949-hectare (2,350-acre) reserve abuts the Royal National Park and is situated 40 kilometres (25 mi) south of the Sydney central business district, near Helensburgh. Garawarra was gazetted as a park in 1987, and added, together with the Royal National Park, to the Australian National Heritage List on 15 September 2006.

Garawarra features heathland, eucalyptus forest, rainforest and wildflowers in late winter and early spring. Commonly seen wildlife include the Lyrebird and Echidna. The soils are based on Hawkesbury Sandstone and the Narrabeen group of sedimentary rocks. The climate is humid and temperate, with warm summers and mild winters. Rainfall is spread throughout the year, being in excess of 1,000 millimetres (39 in).

Features

Snail Camp Gully Creek
Meridolum marshalli at Camp Gully Creek

Flora

Dry heathland on the ridges is dominated by typical Sydney sandstone plants, such as Banksia, Boronia, Leptospermum, Epacris, Acacia, Flannel Flowers, Christmas Bells, and many plants in the pea family. The drier eucalyptus woodland features trees species such as Sydney Red Gum, dwarf apple, Red Bloodwood, Yellow Bloodwood, and Sydney Peppermint.

The wet sclerophyll forests have many large trees over 30 metres (98 ft) tall. Significant species include Blackbutt, Sydney Blue Gum, Turpentine and Grey Ironbark.

At first appearance, the warm temperate rainforests seem typical of the northern Illawarra. Warm temperate species such as Sassafras and Jackwood are common. However, the rainforests are quite diverse with many interesting sub-tropical species. Such as Small-leaved Fig, Bollygum, White Hazelwood, Brush Bloodwood, Citronella, Native Tamarind and Myrtle Ebony.

Fauna

The area has a rich assembly of rainforest birds, as well as a variety of frogs and reptiles.

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