Gobi Desert facts for kids

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Gobi Desert (Говь)
Desert
OmnogoviLandscape.jpg
Gobi Desert landscape in Ömnögovi Province, Mongolia
Countries Mongolia, China
Mongolian Aimags Bayankhongor, Dornogovi, Dundgovi, Govi-Altai, Govisümber, Ömnögovi, Sükhbaatar
Chinese Autonomous Region Inner Mongolia
Range Govi-Altai Mountains
Landmark Nemegt Basin
Length 1,500 km (932 mi), SE/NW
Width 800 km (497 mi), N/S
Area 1,295,000 km² (500,002 sq mi)
The Gobi Desert lies in the territory of the People's Republic of China and Mongolia.
The Gobi Desert lies in the territory of the People's Republic of China and Mongolia.

The Gobi (/ˈɡ.bi/; Mongolian: Говь, Govi, "semidesert"; Chinese: 戈壁; pinyin: Gēbì ) is in Mongolia and China. It is the largest desert in Asia, and the fifth largest in the world.

The Gobi is a rain shadow desert, caused by the Tibetan Plateau and the Himalayas shielding it from rain.

The desert basins of the Gobi are bounded by the Altai Mountains and the grasslands and steppes of Mongolia on the north, by the Hexi Corridor and Tibetan Plateau to the southwest, and by the North China Plain to the southeast. The Gobi is made up of several pieces of geological and geographic regions.

Climate

The Gobi is a high plateau with daily and seasonal extremes of temperature.

Temperature
Sivantse (1190 m) Ulaanbaatar (1150 m)
Annual mean −2.5 °C (27.5 °F) 2.8 °C (37.0 °F)
January mean −26.5 °C (−15.7 °F) −16.5 °C (2.3 °F)
July mean 17.5 °C (63.5 °F) 19.0 °C (66.2 °F)
Extremes −43 to 38 °C (−45 to 100 °F) −47 to 38.6 °C (−53 to 101 °F)

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Gobi Desert Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.