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Golden Triangle (UK universities) facts for kids

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The Golden Triangle is an unofficial name for a set of leading universities in the southern English cities of Oxford, Cambridge and London.

The University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge ('Oxbridge') form two corners of the triangle. The third is London: Imperial College, University College London, King's College London and the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). The last three are independent colleges of the University of London. The universities within the triangle (with the exception of the LSE) attract the highest research incomes of all British universities.

However, it has been argued that it should be replaced by a term like "Brilliant Diamond", to include the University of Manchester. The figures below suggest that both the universities of Manchester and Edinburgh belong in the same class. That might better reflect the geographical spectrum of the UK higher education.

Oxford, Cambridge and some of the London institutions collaborate in research. The Global Medical Excellence Cluster (GMEC) for biomedical research was formed by Oxford, Cambridge, Imperial College, University College London, King's College London and Queen Mary University of London.



See also: College and university rankings
University ARWU (2014) QS (2014/15) THES (2013/14)
University of Cambridge 5 2 7
University of Oxford 9 5 2
Imperial College London 22 2 10
University College London 20 5 21
King's College London 59 16 38
London School of Economics 19 34 39


University Complete (2013) Guardian (2013) The Sunday Times (2013) The Times (2013)
University of Cambridge 1 1 1 2
University of Oxford 3 2 2 1
University College London 8 6 13 7
Imperial College London 4 13 8 4
King's College London 18 31 30 22
London School of Economics 2 3 6 3

Research income

Highest total research income for British universities (2012/13)
University Research income (£,000)
1 University of Oxford 436,800
2 University College London 334,733 a
3 University of Cambridge 331,800
4 Imperial College London 329,500
5 University of Edinburgh 200,123
6 University of Manchester 199,622
7 King's College London 164,025
8 University of Leeds 128,554
9 University of Glasgow 128,090
10 University of Liverpool 124,600
London School of Economics 023,731 b


a Excludes the School of Pharmacy, which merged with UCL in January 2012; the School of Pharmacy had a research income of £8,130,000 in the period.

bThe LSE has a much lower research income, perhaps explained by its concentration on social science research.

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