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Greater Napanee
Town (lower-tier)
Town of Greater Napanee
Dundas street
Dundas street
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
County Lennox and Addington
Incorporated 1999
Area
 • Land 461.31 km2 (178.11 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 15,511
 • Density 33.6/km2 (87/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal Code K7R
Area code(s) 613
Website www.town.greater
napanee.on.ca

Greater Napanee is a town in Southeastern Ontario, Canada, approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) west of Kingston and the county seat of Lennox and Addington County. It is located on the eastern end of the Bay of Quinte. The Greater Napanee municipality was created by amalgamating the old Town of Napanee with the townships of Adolphustown, North and South Fredericksburgh, and Richmond in 1999. Greater Napanee is co-extensive with the original Lennox County.

The town is home to the Allan Macpherson House, an historic 1826 property, and current-day museum. Macpherson was major of the Lennox Militia, operated the town's grist and saw mills as well as the distillery and general store. He served as post master and land agent, operated the first local printing press and helped fund the establishment of many local schools and churches. The home sits on the banks of the Napanee River, which runs through the town.

The largest employer is a Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company plant. Napanee was formerly the headquarters of Dixie Lee Fried Chicken.

The main streets are Dundas Street (east-west) and Centre Street (north-south). Dundas Street is part of former Provincial Highway Number Two, also known as Kingston Road, and travels through downtown from Toronto in the west and onward to Kingston in the east. Centre Street travels through the centre of the town from the modern commercial area close to Highway 401 to the downtown and onwards (as County Road 8) to Lake Ontario.

History

The first recorded settlement in the area of Greater Napanee is Ganneious an Iroquois village, settled temporarily by the Oneida from approximately 1660 to 1690. The village was located on or near the Hay Bay area and is one of seven Iroquois villages settled on the northern shores of Lake Ontario in the 17th century. The exact location of the village has not been determined.

The area was settled by Loyalists in 1784 and Napanee was first incorporated in 1854. The first Loyalists settlers arrived at Adolphustown on June 15, 1784. Their landing spot and site of the first Loyalist cemetery in the area has been preserved by the Loyalists. The original hamlet of Napanee was located at the site of a waterfall on the Napanee River, and was first known as "Clarksville" after Robert Clark, who built a grist mill there. Sir John A. Macdonald, Canada's first prime minister, practised law in Napanee.

Historical sites

  • Allan Macpherson House: (c. 1826) • Built for Allan Macpherson, agent for the influential Cartwright family. The house exhibits a balanced Georgian design with neo-classical elements (note the entrance’s rectangular transom and radiating muntin bars). The Lennox and Addington Historical Society restored the house to its early 19th century elegance. It now operates as a museum.
  • Old Hay Bay Church
  • County of Lennox & Addington Museum and Archives
  • UEL Heritage Park Centre and Park
  • Loyalist Memorial Church
  • Town of Greater Napanee Town Hall
  • New York Cafe Restaurant Building : (c. 1886) Exemplifying a Renaissance Revival (1870-1910) style with pilasters, semi-circular dichromatic brick and stone arches, and textured brickwork, this building was constructed for Archibald Harshaw, a successful local merchant. The upper floor once housed the Independent Order of Oddfellows (IOOF) and the Napanee Mechanics Institute. Architect Fred Bartlett emphasized the band courses and cornice to create this unique look.

Annual town events

Some of the annual Napanee events are the Napanee multi-cultural festival, the Scarecrow Festival, the Christmas Shopping Party and the Taste of Napanee, which take place downtown as well as an annual Art Exhibition and Sale in Conservation Park: "ART IN THE PARK".

Demographics

Canada census – Greater Napanee community profile
2011 2006
Population: 15,511 (0.7% from 2006) 15,400 (1.8% from 2001)
Land area: 461.31 km2 (178.11 sq mi) 459.71 km2 (177.50 sq mi)
Population density: 33.6/km2 (87/sq mi) 33.5/km2 (87/sq mi)
Median age: 44.4 (M: 43.3, F: 45.5)
Total private dwellings: 6885 6695
Median household income: $50,281
References: 2011 2006 earlier
Census Population
Napanee
1841 500
1871 2,967
1881 3,680
1891 3,434
1901 3,143
1911 2,807
1921 3,038
1931 3,497
1941 3,405
1951 3,897
1961 4,500
1971 4,638
1981 4,803
1991 5,179
Greater Napanee
2001 15,132
2006 15,400
2011 15,511

Population:

  • Population in 2006: 15400 (2001 to 2006 population change: 1.8%)
  • Population in 2001: 15132
  • Population total in 1996: 14994
    • Adolphustown: 946
    • Napanee: 5450
    • North Fredericksburgh: 3258
    • Richmond: 4143
    • South Fredericksburgh: 1197
  • Population in 1991:
    • Adolphustown: 886
    • Napanee: 5179
    • North Fredericksburgh: 3183
    • Richmond: 4037
    • South Fredericksburgh: 1222

Mother tongue:

  • English as first language: 94.8%
  • French as first language: 1.8%
  • English and French as first language: 0%
  • Other as first language: 3.4%

Live theatre

Greater Napanee is home to Lennox Community Theatre (formerly Lennox Theatre Guild) which operates from The Village Theatre in the village of Selby. The theatre seats 80 and mounts five productions annually from September through June. An historical collection of programs stored at the theatre shows that Avril Lavigne performed on stage there as a child in productions of You're A Good Man, Charlie Brown, and Godspell.

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