Greencastle, Indiana facts for kids
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|City of Greencastle|
Location in the state of Indiana
|• Total||5.29 sq mi (13.70 km2)|
|• Land||5.24 sq mi (13.57 km2)|
|• Water||0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)|
|Elevation||843 ft (257 m)|
| • Estimate
|• Density||1,970.6/sq mi (760.9/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||435428|
Greencastle is a city in Greencastle Township, Putnam County, Indiana, United States, and the county seat of Putnam County. It was founded in 1821 by Ephraim Dukes on a land grant. He named the settlement for his hometown of Greencastle, Pennsylvania. Greencastle was a village or town operating under authority of the Putnam County commissioners until March 9, 1849, when it became a town by special act of the local legislature. Greencastle, Indiana, officially became a city after an election held on July 8, 1861. The first mayor of Greencastle was E. R. Kercheval, a member (during his lifetime) of the Freemason Temple Lodge #47. The city became the county seat of Putnam County. The population was 10,326 at the 2010 census. It is located near Interstate 70 approximately halfway between Terre Haute and Indianapolis in the west-central portion of the state. Greencastle is well known as being the location of DePauw University.
Greencastle is located at(39.642297, −86.855988).
According to the 2010 census, Greencastle has a total area of 5.291 square miles (13.70 km2), of which 5.24 square miles (13.57 km2) (or 99.04%) is land and 0.051 square miles (0.13 km2) (or 0.96%) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 10,326 people, 3,368 households, and 1,989 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,970.6 inhabitants per square mile (760.9/km2). There were 3,742 housing units at an average density of 714.1 per square mile (275.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.4% White, 2.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.9% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population.
There were 3,368 households of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.9% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.93.
The median age in the city was 27.4 years. 19% of residents were under the age of 18; 28.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.7% were from 25 to 44; 18.6% were from 45 to 64; and 14.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.7% male and 53.3% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,880 people, 3,353 households, and 2,038 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,864.6 people per square mile (719.8/km²). There were 3,532 housing units at an average density of 666.6/sq mi (257.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.91% White, 2.67% African American, 0.25% Native American, 1.36% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.43% of the population.
There were 3,353 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.2% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the city, the population was spread out with 20.2% under the age of 18, 27.3% from 18 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,798, and the median income for a family was $41,250. Males had a median income of $30,940 versus $20,889 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,351. About 7.6% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.8% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.
Historical Events and Places In Greencastle
- John Herbert Dillinger, Jr. (June 22, 1903 – July 22, 1934) was an American gangster and bank-robber in the Depression-era United States. He was charged, but never convicted, with the murder of an East Chicago police officer whom he shot in the knee while fleeing the scene of his heist. John Dillinger's largest haul (i.e. bank robbery) was at the Central National Bank in Greencastle, Indiana, one of two banks he robbed in Indiana. In Our Past, Their Present: Historical Essays on Putnam County Indiana, John J. Baughman writes, "On Monday, October 23, 1933, four armed men entered the Central National Bank of Greencastle and escaped with $74,782.09. The Dillinger robbery became one of the major events of Greencastle history."
- Since the Indiana Association of Communities and Towns (IACT) began awarding the "Green Communities of the Year" in 2008, only Greencastle has garnered the honor in back-to-back-to-back years.
- In March 2011, Greencastle was one of two Indiana cities selected as a “Stellar Community” by the state of Indiana. Stellar Communities is a major grant program began this year by Indiana to stimulate major changes and spark growth in smaller communities. The city will receive approximately $19 million over three years in state funding to support various repair, renovation and revitalization projects.
Greencastle and the surrounding Putnam County communities are home to 20 historical sites according to the National Register of Historical Places.
- The Appleyard, farm of Alexander C. Stevenson
- The Boulders house
- Brick Chapel United Methodist Church
- Courthouse Square Historic District
- Delta Kappa Epsilon Fraternity house
- East College of DePauw University
- Forest Hill Cemetery
- Richard M. Hazelett house ("Sunny Hill")
- Alfred Hirt House
- McKim Observatory, DePauw University
- F.P. Nelson house ("The Towers")
- Old Greencastle Historic District
- Lycurgus Stoner House
- William C. Van Arsdel house ("The Elms")
- Samuel Brown house ("The Brick"), Roachdale
- Melville F. McHaffie Farm ("Schuyler Arnold Seed Farm"), Stilesville
- James Edington Montgomery O'Hair house, Brick Chapel
- Putnam County Bridge No. 159 ("Reelsville Bridge"), Reelsville
- Putnamville Presbyterian Church ("Putnamville Methodist Church"), Putnamville
Greencastle also has three historic neighborhoods – Old Greencastle, the Eastern Enlargement and the Northwood Neighborhood that were added to the National Register of Historical Places in 2011.
Humid continental climate is a climatic region typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Dfa"(Hot Summer Continental Climate).
|Climate data for Greencastle, Indiana|
|Average high °C (°F)||2.2
|Average low °C (°F)||-7.2
|Precipitation mm (inches)||69
|Wikisource has the text of the 1879 American Cyclopædia article Greencastle.|
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