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Grigori Perelman
Perelman, Grigori (1966).jpg
Grigori Perelman in 1993
Born 13 June 1966 (1966-06-13) (age 54)
Nationality Russian
Citizenship Russia
Alma mater Leningrad State University (PhD 1990)
Known for
  • Saint Petersburg Mathematical Society Prize (1991), accepted
  • EMS Prize (1996), declined
  • Fields Medal (2006), declined
  • Millennium Prize (2010), declined
Scientific career
Fields Mathematics
Thesis Saddle Surfaces in Euclidean Spaces (1990)
Doctoral advisor
  • Aleksandr Aleksandrov
  • Yuri Burago

Grigori Yakovlevich Perelman (born 13 June 1966) is a Russian mathematician. He has made contributions to Riemannian geometry and geometric topology. In 1994, Perelman proved the soul conjecture. In 2003, he proved Thurston's geometrization conjecture. The proof was confirmed in 2006. This consequently solved in the affirmative the Poincaré conjecture.

In August 2006, Perelman was offered the Fields Medal for "his contributions to geometry and his revolutionary insights into the analytical and geometric structure of the Ricci flow", but he declined the award, stating: "I'm not interested in money or fame; I don't want to be on display like an animal in a zoo."

On 22 December 2006, the scientific journal Science recognized Perelman's proof of the Poincaré conjecture as the scientific "Breakthrough of the Year", the first such recognition in the area of mathematics.

On 18 March 2010, it was announced that he had met the criteria to receive the first Clay Millennium Prize for resolution of the Poincaré conjecture. On 1 July 2010, he rejected the prize of one million dollars, saying that he considered the decision of the board of CMI and the award very unfair and that his contribution to solving the Poincaré conjecture was no greater than that of Richard S. Hamilton, the mathematician who pioneered the Ricci flow with the aim of attacking the conjecture.

He had previously rejected the prestigious prize of the European Mathematical Society, in 1996. At present, the only Millennium Prize problem to have been solved is the Poincaré conjecture.

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