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Halidon Hill facts for kids

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Halidon Hill
Halidon Hill.jpg
Battle of Halidon Hill cairn
Location Northumberland, England
OS grid NT968548
Coordinates 55°47′13″N 2°03′07″W / 55.787°N 2.052°W / 55.787; -2.052Coordinates: 55°47′13″N 2°03′07″W / 55.787°N 2.052°W / 55.787; -2.052

Halidon Hill is a summit, about 2 miles (3 km) west of the centre of Berwick-upon-Tweed, on the border of England and Scotland. It reaches 600 feet (180 m) high. The name of the hill indicates that it once had a fortification on its top. At the Battle of Halidon Hill in 1333, Edward III of England used longbowmen on the heights of the hill to defeat the Scottish army led by Archibald the "Tyneman" Douglas, Regent of Scotland.

Mary, Queen of Scots came to Halidon Hill to view Berwick on 15 November 1566 and met John Foster, Marshal of Berwick. In April 1595 James VI and Anne of Denmark planned to come on a progress towards Berwick, including a visit to Halidon Hill which overlooked the town and its fortifications. The governor of Berwick, Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon wondered if the town should give them a cannon salute.

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