kids encyclopedia robot

Hamilton, Montana facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Hamilton
Downtown Hamilton
Downtown Hamilton
Location of Hamilton, Montana
Location of Hamilton, Montana
Country United States
State Montana
County Ravalli
Area
 • Total 2.46 sq mi (6.37 km2)
 • Land 2.42 sq mi (6.28 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.09 km2)
Elevation
3,570 ft (1,088 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 4,659
 • Density 1,925.21/sq mi (741.88/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP code
59840
Area code(s) 406 Exchanges: 363,375
FIPS code 30-33775
GNIS feature ID 0784496
Website www.cityofhamilton.net

Hamilton (Kalispel-Pend d'Oreille: čɫc̓lc̓lé ) is a city in and the county seat of Ravalli County, Montana, United States. The population was 4,659 at the 2020 census.

History

Hamilton MT Daly Mansion 2
Daly Mansion in Hamilton

Hamilton was founded by copper king Marcus Daly in the late 19th century. It was named for J.W. Hamilton, who provided the right-of-way to the railroad. Daly is said to have wanted to begin business in the then county seat of Grantsdale, but was denied the opportunity. He supposedly founded Hamilton out of his own pocket as a reaction to being rebuffed at Grantsdale.

The Ravalli County Museum, founded in 1955, is located in the former Ravalli County Courthouse and focuses on County history, natural history and art.

In the summer of 2000, Hamilton made international headlines when forest fires throughout the Bitterroot Valley filled the area with smoke and prompted the evacuation of many residents. President Clinton declared a state of emergency in the area and dispatched National Guardsmen to assist with fighting the fires.

Hamilton is, as of 2004, home to two microbiological research and production facilities: the government-run Rocky Mountain Laboratories, and a branch of the Corixa Corporation (bought in the late 1990s from Ribi ImmunoChem Research, Inc.). The Corixa Corporation was bought by GlaxoSmithKline in 2005. NIAID completed construction of a Biosafety Level 4 biohazard laboratory as part of the Rocky Mountain Laboratories (RML) facility in 2008. This facility has begun operations using highly-pathogenic organisms including the Lentivirus family of viruses.

Geography and climate

Hamilton is located at 46°14′54″N 114°9′35″W / 46.24833°N 114.15972°W / 46.24833; -114.15972 (46.248412, -114.159852).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.57 square miles (6.66 km2), of which, 2.53 square miles (6.55 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.

Climate data for Hamilton, Montana (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 36.7
(2.61)
41.8
(5.44)
51.4
(10.78)
59.1
(15.06)
67.6
(19.78)
75.2
(24)
85.1
(29.5)
83.7
(28.72)
72.8
(22.67)
59.3
(15.17)
44.2
(6.78)
34.0
(1.11)
59.2
(15.11)
Average low °F (°C) 18.8
(-7.33)
20.7
(-6.28)
26.9
(-2.83)
32.7
(0.39)
39.5
(4.17)
45.6
(7.56)
50.2
(10.11)
48.6
(9.22)
40.8
(4.89)
31.8
(-0.11)
24.3
(-4.28)
16.8
(-8.44)
33.1
(0.61)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.88
(22.4)
0.86
(21.8)
0.97
(24.6)
0.99
(25.1)
1.67
(42.4)
1.61
(40.9)
0.99
(25.1)
1.06
(26.9)
1.01
(25.7)
0.76
(19.3)
1.19
(30.2)
1.17
(29.7)
13.17
(334.5)
Snowfall inches (cm) 3.0
(7.6)
3.2
(8.1)
1.5
(3.8)
0.3
(0.8)
0.2
(0.5)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
2.3
(5.8)
3.5
(8.9)
14.3
(36.3)
Source: NOAA

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 50
1900 1,257
1910 2,240 78.2%
1920 1,700 −24.1%
1930 1,839 8.2%
1940 2,332 26.8%
1950 2,678 14.8%
1960 2,475 −7.6%
1970 2,499 1.0%
1980 2,661 6.5%
1990 2,737 2.9%
2000 3,705 35.4%
2010 4,348 17.4%
2020 4,659 7.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,348 people, 2,175 households, and 1,006 families living in the city. The population density was 1,718.6 inhabitants per square mile (663.6/km2). There were 2,456 housing units at an average density of 970.8 per square mile (374.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.0% White, 0.3% African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.1% of the population.

There were 2,175 households, of which 23.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.6% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 53.7% were non-families. 47.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 22.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.92 and the average family size was 2.72.

The median age in the city was 43 years. 20.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.4% were from 25 to 44; 23.4% were from 45 to 64; and 24.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.

City Council

Hamilton has three Wards with two representatives from each Ward.

Ward 1

  • Kristi Bielski
  • Joe Petrusatitis

Ward 2

  • Travis Martinez
  • Rod Pogachar

Ward 3

  • Ken Bell
  • Jenny West

Education

  • Hamilton High School
  • The Bitterroot College Program of the University of Montana is located in Hamilton. In May 2012, it was renamed Bitterroot College University of Montana.

The Bitterroot Public Library serves the town of Hamilton. It was one of the 17 Carnegie libraries built in Montana.

Infrastructure

Ravalli County Airport is a public use airport 1 mile east of town.

Notable people

  • Willy Burgdorfer, scientist who discovered the cause of Lyme disease
  • Herald Rea Cox, bacteriologist
  • Marcus Daly, one of the "Copper Kings" of Butte, Montana, owned the Bitterroot Stock Farm near Hamilton
  • Henry L. Myers, United States Senator from Montana
  • Jerry J. O'Connell, United States Representative from Montana, editor and publisher of local newspaper
  • Miles Romney Sr., rancher, politician, and newspaper editor; Mayor of Hamilton and Montana State Senator
  • Miles Romney Jr., politician and newspaper editor; Montana State Representative and Montana State Senator
  • Val Skinner, golfer, winner of six LPGA Tour events
  • Michael D. Stevens, former Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy
kids search engine
Hamilton, Montana Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.