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Hanalei, Hawaii
Hanalei Town with a view of Mt. Na Molokama, and Māmalahoa
Hanalei Town with a view of Mt. Na Molokama, and Māmalahoa
Location in Kauai County and the state of Hawaii
Location in Kauai County and the state of Hawaii
Country United States
State Hawaii
County Kauai
Area
 • Total 0.72 sq mi (1.86 km2)
 • Land 0.68 sq mi (1.75 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)
Elevation
0 ft (0 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 444
 • Density 655.83/sq mi (253.14/km2)
Time zone UTC-10 (Hawaii-Aleutian)
ZIP code
96714
Area code(s) 808
FIPS code 15-11500
GNIS feature ID 0359039

Hanalei is a census-designated place (CDP) in Kauaʻi County, Hawaii, United States. The population was estimated at 299 as of 2019. Hanalei means "lei making" in Hawaiian. Alternatively, the name Hanalei also means "crescent bay" and may be indicative of the shape of Hanalei Bay. Hanalei can also be translated as lei valley, referring to the rainbows that color the valley and encircle Hanalei like a wreath.

Geography

Hanalei is located at 22°12′24″N 159°30′3″W / 22.20667°N 159.50083°W / 22.20667; -159.50083 (22.206653, -159.500713), near the mouth of the Hanalei River on the north shore of the island of Kauai.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), of which 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) is water. The total area is 20.73% water.

History

Imperial Russia

In the early 19th century the Imperial Russians were present here. In 1815 the German physician and agent of the Russian-American Company, Georg Anton Schäffer, came to the Hawaiian islands to retrieve goods seized by Kaumualiʻi, chief of Kauai island. On arrival he became involved with internal Hawaiian politics, and Kaumualiʻi planning and manipulating to reclaim his own kingdom of Kauai from Kamehameha I with the help of the Russian Empire. Kaumualiʻi signed a "treaty" granting Tsar Alexander I protectorate over Kauai. Briefly in 1817, Fort Elizabeth, near the Waimea River, and two other Russian forts near Hanalei were part of the tsarist Russian America.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
2020 444
U.S. Decennial Census

At the 2000 census, there were 478 people, 193 households and 115 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 736.7 per square mile (283.9/km2). There were 303 housing units at an average density of 467.0 per square mile (180.0/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 57% White, 18% Asian, 3% Pacific Islander, <1% from other races, and 21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.81% of the population.

There were 193 households, of which 25% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40% were married couples living together, 10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40% were non-families. 31% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.10.

Hanalei Bucht im April
The beach at Hanalei Bay

24% of the population were under the age of 18, 7% from 18 to 24, 27% from 25 to 44, 30% from 45 to 64, and 12% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.8 males.

The median household income was $34,375, and the median family income was $55,750. Males had a median income of $31,500 versus $28,500 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $21,241. About 22% of families and 25% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33% of those under the age of 18 and none of those 65 and older.

Popular culture

Hanalei Valley from the Hanalei Lookout in Hanalei, Hawaii
Hanalei Valley viewed from the lookout near Princeville

Hanalei was the backdrop of several film productions, such as the 1958 musical film South Pacific. Scenes were filmed in the town itself and at Lumahai Beach to the west of Hanalei.

The beach at Hanalei Bay was selected No. 1 on "Dr. Beach" Stephen Leatherman's 2009 list of top 10 beaches.

Hanalei was mentioned in "Twin Peaks" as a place of residence for the town psychiatrist and his wife.

Scenes for the movie The Descendants starring George Clooney were filmed in and around Hanalei, on the beach at Hanalei Bay and in nearby Princeville.

A song titled "Hanalei" was a part of the I'm With You Sessions by the Red Hot Chili Peppers in 2013.

Education

Hanalei is served by the Hawaiʻi Department of Education. Hanalei Elementary School is located in the community, and is a public K-6 school. They have around 250 students. Middle school and high school are located in Kapa'a for all youth that reside on the North Shore of Kauai. Kapa'a middle school is for 6th-8th grade, and Kapa'a high school is for 9th-12th grade.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Hanalei para niños

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