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Hill City, Kansas
Location within Graham County and Kansas
Location within Graham County and Kansas
KDOT map of Graham County (legend)
Coordinates: 39°22′2″N 99°50′44″W / 39.36722°N 99.84556°W / 39.36722; -99.84556Coordinates: 39°22′2″N 99°50′44″W / 39.36722°N 99.84556°W / 39.36722; -99.84556
Country United States
State Kansas
County Graham
Founded 1876
Platted 1878
Incorporated 1888
Named for W.R. Hill
Area
 • Total 1.00 sq mi (2.60 km2)
 • Land 1.00 sq mi (2.60 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
2,185 ft (666 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 1,474
 • Estimate 
(2019)
1,410
 • Density 1,404.38/sq mi (542.48/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
67642
Area code 785
FIPS code 20-32175
GNIS ID 472209

Hill City is a city and county seat of Graham County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 1,474.

History

Hill City was founded in 1876, making it the oldest town in Graham County. It was named for its founder, W. R. Hill. Hill City was located on the Union Pacific Railway.

The first post office in Hill City was established in September 1878. Hill City was designated county seat in 1880.

Geography

Hill City is located at 39°22′02″N 99°50′44″W / 39.367319°N 99.845558°W / 39.367319; -99.845558 (39.367319, -99.845558). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.00 square mile (2.59 km2), all land.

Climate

On June 9, 2005 a large tornado passed 1 mile south of Hill City. And again hit by a large tornado just north of the city on June 20, 2011.

On June 26, 2012 the temperature reached 115 °F (46 °C), breaking the June record tied just 2 days earlier and during the Dust Bowl on June 30, 1933. The town was the hottest city in the United States for four days in a row with temperatures of 114°, 111°, 115°, and 115°F (46°, 44°, 46°, and 46°C).

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 545
1900 468 −14.1%
1910 983 110.0%
1920 732 −25.5%
1930 1,027 40.3%
1940 1,115 8.6%
1950 1,432 28.4%
1960 2,421 69.1%
1970 2,071 −14.5%
1980 2,028 −2.1%
1990 1,835 −9.5%
2000 1,604 −12.6%
2010 1,474 −8.1%
2019 (est.) 1,410 −4.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,474 people, 669 households, and 404 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,474.0 inhabitants per square mile (569.1/km2). There were 783 housing units at an average density of 783.0 per square mile (302.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.2% White, 4.5% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population.

There were 669 households, of which 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.6% were non-families. 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.76.

The median age in the city was 48 years. 20.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19% were from 25 to 44; 29.9% were from 45 to 64; and 23.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.9% male and 53.1% female.

Education

The community is served by Graham County USD 281 public school district. The district elementary and junior/senior high school are located in Hill City. It was previously known as Hill City USD 281.

Notable people

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