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Himachal Pradesh facts for kids

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Himachal Pradesh
Winters in Tosh, Himachal Pradesh.jpg
Hidimba Devi Temple - North-east View - Manali 2014-05-11 2650 (cropped).JPG Key Monastery - Spiti Himachal (cropped).jpg
Prashar Lake in Winter (cropped).jpg Nature of Kinner Kailash (cropped).png
Nature of Khajjiar (cropped).jpg
From top, left to right: A peak in the Parvati Valley,
Hidimba Devi Temple, Key Monastery,
Prashar Lake, Kinnaur Kailash, Khajjiar
Official logo of Himachal Pradesh
Emblem
Etymology: Himachal (meaning 'snow-laden') and Pradesh (meaning 'province or territory')
Himachal Pradesh
Location in India
State map
State map
State  India
Union territory 1 November 1956
State 25 January 1971
Capital Shimla
Dharamshala
12 Districts
Government
 • Body Government of Himachal Pradesh
Area
 • Total 55,673 km2 (21,495 sq mi)
Area rank 17th
Population
 (2011)
 • Total 6,864,602
 • Rank 21st
 • Density 123/km2 (320/sq mi)
Language
 • Official Hindi
 • Additional official Sanskrit
 • Native
  • Mahasu Pahari
  • Mandeali
  • Kangri
  • Kullu
  • Bilaspuri
  • Kinnauri
  • Lahauli
  • Pattani
  • Chambeali
  • and others
Time zone UTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 code IN-HP
HDI (2018) Increase0.725 (High) · 8th
Literacy 83.78%
Template:Infobox place symbols
It was elevated to the status of state by the State of Himachal Pradesh Act, 1970

Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश) (Punjabi: ਹਿਮਾਚਲ ਪ੍ਰਦੇਸ਼) is a state in northern India. Shimla is the Summer capital and Dharamshala is the winter capital of Himachal Pradesh. It covers an area of 56,019 km² (21,629 mi²), although the border with China is still disputed. The land contains high mountains. In traditional Indian geography it falls under the North Indian zone. It borders the disputed Indian-occupied territory of Indian-administered Kashmir to the north.

Himachal Pradesh was part of Indian Punjab before 1966.

The State of HP is divided into three Divisions, namely Mandi Division, Kangra Division, Shimla Division. The divisions are further sub-divided into 12 districts. These are further divided into 55 sub-divisions, 82 tehsils and 35 sub-tehsils.

Gallery

Provincial symbols of Himachal Pradesh


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