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Himachal Pradesh facts for kids

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Himachal Pradesh
Winters in Tosh, Himachal Pradesh.jpg
Hidimba Devi Temple - North-east View - Manali 2014-05-11 2650 (cropped).JPG
Key Monastery - Spiti Himachal (cropped).jpg
Prashar Lake in Winter (cropped).jpg
Nature of Kinner Kailash (cropped).png
Nature of Khajjiar (cropped).jpg
From top, left to right: A peak in the Parvati Valley,
Hidimba Devi Temple, Key Monastery,
Prashar Lake, Kinnaur Kailash, Khajjiar
Official logo of Himachal Pradesh
Etymology: Himachal (meaning 'snow-laden') and Pradesh (meaning 'province or territory')
Himachal Pradesh
Location in India
State map
State map
State  India
Union territory 1 November 1956
State 25 January 1971
Capital Shimla
12 Districts
 • Body Government of Himachal Pradesh
 • Total 55,673 km2 (21,495 sq mi)
Area rank 17th
 • Total 6,864,602
 • Rank 21st
 • Density 123/km2 (320/sq mi)
 • Official Hindi
 • Additional official Sanskrit
 • Native
  • Mahasu Pahari
  • Mandeali
  • Kangri
  • Kullu
  • Bilaspuri
  • Kinnauri
  • Lahauli
  • Pattani
  • Chambeali
  • and others
Time zone UTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 code IN-HP
HDI (2018) Increase0.725 (High) · 8th
Literacy 83.78%
Symbols of Himachal Pradesh
Emblem Emblem of Himachal Pradesh
Motto Satyameva Jayate (Truth alone triumphs)
Uncia uncia.jpg
Snow leopard
Bird Western tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus)
Rhododendron&Vast ocean of clouds、コバノミツバツツジ&篠山盆地雲海、盃ヶ岳4256293.JPG
Pink Rhododendron (Rhododendron campanulatum)
Cedrus deodara Manali 2.jpg
Deodar cedar (Cedrus deodara)
It was elevated to the status of state by the State of Himachal Pradesh Act, 1970

Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश) (Punjabi: ਹਿਮਾਚਲ ਪ੍ਰਦੇਸ਼) is a state in northern India. Shimla is the Summer capital and Dharamshala is the winter capital of Himachal Pradesh. It covers an area of 56,019 km² (21,629 mi²), although the border with China is still disputed. The land contains high mountains. In traditional Indian geography it falls under the North Indian zone. It borders the disputed Indian-occupied territory of Indian-administered Kashmir to the north.

Himachal Pradesh was part of Indian Punjab before 1966.

The State of HP is divided into three Divisions, namely Mandi Division, Kangra Division, Shimla Division. The divisions are further sub-divided into 12 districts. These are further divided into 55 sub-divisions, 82 tehsils and 35 sub-tehsils.


Provincial symbols of Himachal Pradesh

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