|Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov|
Ilya Mechnikov, 1908
|Born||16 May 1845
near Kharkov, Russia
|Died||16 July 1916
|Institutions||Institut Pasteur, Paris, France|
|Alma mater||University of Kharkoff|
|Notable awards||Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1908)|
Mechnikov was a protozoologist who became better known for the discovery of macrophages in 1882. He discovered how they dealt with germs by phagocytosis. Macrophages are found in virtually all tissues, and patrol for potential pathogens by amoeboid movement.
He is also credited with coining the term gerontology in 1903, for the emerging study of ageing and longevity.
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