Ilya Mechnikov facts for kids

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Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov
Ilya Mechnikov, 1908
Born 16 May 1845
near Kharkov, Russia
Died 16 July 1916
Fields Zoology, immunology
Institutions Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
Alma mater University of Kharkoff
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1908)

Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov (16 May 1845 – 16 July 1916) was a Russian zoologist. He won the 1908 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, with Paul Ehrlich, for finding out how immunity fights disease.

Mechnikov was a protozoologist who became better known for the discovery of macrophages in 1882. He discovered how they dealt with germs by phagocytosis. Macrophages are found in virtually all tissues, and patrol for potential pathogens by amoeboid movement.

He is also credited with coining the term gerontology in 1903, for the emerging study of ageing and longevity.

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