Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant facts for kids
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام
Territory currently controlled by the ISIL as of June 2014 (in red)
|Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi|
|Separation from Iraq and Syria|
• Islamic State of Iraq Proclaimed
|15 October 2006|
• Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant Proclaimed
|9 April 2013|
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), or Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), or Islamic State, is a Sunni jihadist militant group. It operates in Libya, Nigeria, Iraq, and Syria. It is influenced by the Wahhabi version of Islam. It claims the status of independent state for the territories under its control in Iraq, Libya, Nigeria, and Syria. It is opposed to Shiism and has been described as "Shiaphobic".
The group was started in the early years of the Iraq War and associated itself with Al-Qaeda in 2004. ISIL was composed of different insurgent groups. Its aim was to establish a caliphate in the Sunni majority regions of Iraq, later expanding this to include Syria. In February 2014, after an eight-month power struggle, Al-Qaeda cut all ties with ISIL.
ISIL is millenarianist, meaning it believes that society is going to change a lot over the course of 1,000 years.
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.