Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant facts for kids

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Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام
Flag of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Flag
Territory currently controlled by the ISIL as of June 2014 (in red)
Territory currently controlled by the ISIL as of June 2014 (in red)
Status Unrecognized state
Capital Ar-Raqqah
Official languages Arabic
Government Islamic state
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
Separation from Iraq and Syria
• Islamic State of Iraq Proclaimed
15 October 2006
• Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant Proclaimed
9 April 2013
Time zone UTC+3

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), or Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), or Islamic State, is a Sunni jihadist militant group. It operates in Libya, Nigeria, Iraq, and Syria. It is influenced by the Wahhabi version of Islam. It claims the status of independent state for the territories under its control in Iraq, Libya, Nigeria, and Syria. It is opposed to Shiism and has been described as "Shiaphobic".

The group was started in the early years of the Iraq War and associated itself with Al-Qaeda in 2004. ISIL was composed of different insurgent groups. Its aim was to establish a caliphate in the Sunni majority regions of Iraq, later expanding this to include Syria. In February 2014, after an eight-month power struggle, Al-Qaeda cut all ties with ISIL.

ISIL is millenarianist, meaning it believes that society is going to change a lot over the course of 1,000 years.


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