Jackman, Maine facts for kids

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Jackman, Maine
Town
Jackman Maine.JPG
Country United States
State Maine
County Somerset
Incorporated 1895
Area
 • Total 42.42 sq mi (109.87 km2)
 • Land 41.26 sq mi (106.86 km2)
 • Water 1.16 sq mi (3.00 km2)
Elevation 1,375 ft (419 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 862
 • Estimate (2012) 859
 • Density 20.9/sq mi (8.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 04945
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-35345
GNIS feature ID 0582532
Website jackmanmaine.org

Jackman is a town in Somerset County, Maine, United States. The population was 862 at the 2010 census.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 42.42 square miles (109.87 km2), of which 41.26 square miles (106.86 km2) is land and 1.16 square miles (3.00 km2) is water.

Climate

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Jackman has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 10
1850 12 20.0%
1870 65
1880 95 46.2%
1890 217 128.4%
1900 352 62.2%
1910 667 89.5%
1920 902 35.2%
1930 1,099 21.8%
1940 1,069 −2.7%
1950 964 −9.8%
1960 984 2.1%
1970 848 −13.8%
1980 1,003 18.3%
1990 920 −8.3%
2000 718 −22.0%
2010 862 20.1%
Est. 2014 851 −1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 862 people, 383 households, and 228 families residing in the town. The population density was 20.9 inhabitants per square mile (8.1/km2). There were 726 housing units at an average density of 17.6 per square mile (6.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.4% White, 0.1% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population.

There were 383 households of which 23.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.5% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.78.

The median age in the town was 44.8 years. 19.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.1% were from 25 to 44; 32.1% were from 45 to 64; and 17.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 718 people, 310 households, and 190 families residing in the town. The population density was 17.5 people per square mile (6.8/km²). There were 585 housing units at an average density of 14.3 per square mile (5.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.75% White, 0.14% African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.56% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.81% of the population.

There were 310 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.4% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the town, the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $29,615, and the median income for a family was $33,182. Males had a median income of $29,135 versus $21,310 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,763. About 3.7% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over.

Railroad history

Jackman became connected to the international North American rail network upon completion the International of Maine Division of the transcontinental Canadian Pacific Railway in 1889. Jackman Lumber Company built the Bald Mountain Railroad in 1915 north from Jackman up Heald Stream and across the South Branch Penobscot River into Moose River Plantation. This logging railroad brought logs to the Jackman sawmill until 1926.

Jackman Lumber Company locomotives

Number Builder Type Date Works number Notes
Lima Locomotive Works Shay locomotive 24 March 1894 464 originally Keystone Railroad #2 of Pennsylvania; purchased from Lye Brook Railroad of Manchester, Vermont
Lima Locomotive Works Shay locomotive 26 June 1908 1970 originally Beebe River Railroad #2 of Campton, New Hampshire
Lima Locomotive Works Shay locomotive 11 November 1907 2036 originally Johnson Lumber Company #3 of North Woodstock, New Hampshire

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