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James Edmund Bailey
James E. Bailey - Brady-Handy.jpg
United States Senator
from Tennessee
In office
January 19, 1877 – March 3, 1881
Preceded by David M. Key
Succeeded by Howell E. Jackson
Member of the Tennessee House of Representatives
In office
Personal details
Born (1822-08-15)August 15, 1822
Montgomery County, Tennessee
Died December 29, 1885(1885-12-29) (aged 63)
Clarksville, Tennessee
Political party Democratic

James Edmund Bailey (August 15, 1822 – December 29, 1885) was a Democratic United States Senator from Tennessee from 1877 to 1881.

Early life and education

Bailey was born in Montgomery County, Tennessee. He attended the Clarksville Academy and the former University of Nashville.


He then studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1843, starting a practice in Clarksville, Tennessee. In 1853, he was elected to the Tennessee House of Representatives as a Whig.

During the Civil War, he served in the 49th Tennessee Regiment, Confederate States Army as a colonel.

He was appointed by governor of Tennessee John C. Brown to the Court of Arbitration in 1874.

Bailey was elected by the Tennessee General Assembly as a Democrat to the balance of the unexpired term of the late Andrew Johnson, serving from January 19, 1877 to March 4, 1881. In the 46th Congress, he was chairman of the Senate Committee on Education and Labor. His efforts to effect his reelection were unsuccessful, and upon the expiry of his term he returned to the practice of law in Clarksville.


He died in Clarksville and is buried in that city's Greenwood Cemetery.

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