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James L. Pugh
James Lawrence Pugh.jpg
United States Senator
from Alabama
In office
November 24, 1880 – March 3, 1897
Preceded by Luke Pryor
Succeeded by Edmund Pettus
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1859 – January 21, 1861
Preceded by Eli Sims Shorter
Succeeded by Charles Waldron Buckley
Personal details
Born (1820-12-12)December 12, 1820
Burke County, Georgia
Died March 9, 1907(1907-03-09) (aged 86)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Democratic

James Lawrence Pugh (December 12, 1820 – March 9, 1907) was a U.S. senator from Alabama, as well as a member of the Confederate Congress during the American Civil War.


Mrs James L. Pugh
Mrs James L. Pugh

Pugh was born in Burke County, Georgia, and moved to Alabama in 1824. He received a collegiate education, studied law under John Gill Shorter, and was admitted to the bar in 1841. He began to practise in Eufaula, Alabama. He was a presidential elector in 1848 and 1856. He represented Alabama's second district as a Democrat in the United States House of Representatives from December 5, 1859 until January 21, 1861, when he retired upon the secession of his state.

He then served as an officer in the Confederate States Army. He was subsequently elected to be the representative from Alabama's 8th District to both the First Confederate Congress and the Second Confederate Congress, serving from February 22, 1862 until the surrender in 1865. Pugh served on the House Committee on Military Affairs throughout both Congresses, where he was a prominent critic of C.S. President Jefferson Davis.

Following the war, he returned to his law practice. Upon the restoration of his citizenship, Pugh was president of the Democratic state convention of 1874, a delegate to the 1875 state constitutional convention, and a presidential elector again in 1876. He was elected to fill the term left by the death of George S. Houston, and was reelected twice, serving in the Senate from November 24, 1880 to March 4, 1897. He lost renomination.

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