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Jerramungup, Western Australia facts for kids

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Western Australia
Tobruk Road, Jerramungup, 2018 (01).jpg
Tobruk Road, Jerramungup, 2018
Population 253 (2016 census)
Established 1953
Postcode(s) 6337
Elevation 322 m (1,056 ft)
LGA(s) Shire of Jerramungup
State electorate(s) Roe
Federal Division(s) O'Connor

Jerramungup is a Western Australian town located in the Great Southern agricultural region, 454 kilometres (282 mi) southeast of Perth and 6 kilometres (4 mi) west of the Gairdner River.

The area was settled by Europeans prior to 1848, with the first homestead being built by John Hassell in 1848. The property was known as Jarramongup Station and was inherited by his son, Albert Young Hassell, who took up residence there with his wife Ethel after his father's death in 1885. The station was put up for sale by Edney Hassell and remained on the market for some time until it was acquired by the state government in 1950.

The town of Jerramungup was established in 1953 to support a war service land settlement project that was initiated in 1949. The townsite was gazetted in 1957.

The town hall and the school were both built in 1958 along with two houses. Construction of the Cooperative Bulk Handling wheat bin was completed in 1961. The first powerhouse was completed in 1963.

Jerramungup (Yarra-mo-up) is an Aboriginal word said to mean "place of the tall yate trees". The yate tree (Eucalyptus cornuta) is an evergreen tree that grows to a height of 20 m with a diameter of one metre. It has orange bud caps and greenish yellow flowers, and is common in the southwest of WA. The name was first recorded by Surveyor General John Septimus Roe in 1848, when carrying out exploration of the area, noting that natives referred to the area and river as "Jeer-A-Mung-Up". Roe later named the river, at its mouth in Gordon Inlet, the Gairdner River.

The town hall was opened in April 1958 and is known colloquially as the "Root Pickers Hall" as it was paid for by volunteers picking mallee roots.

200 tonnes of Laguna Verde or Laguna Green monzonite from Jerramungup were used to make the Australian War Memorial in London, which was opened in Hyde Park in 2003. The quarry is situated 21 km south of the town, at Wirrup Hill.

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