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His Excellency The Right Honourable

The Lord Tweedsmuir

15th Governor General of Canada
In office
2 November 1935 – 11 February 1940
Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King
Preceded by The Earl of Bessborough
Succeeded by The Earl of Athlone
Personal details
Born (1875-08-26)26 August 1875
Perth, Scotland
Died 11 February 1940(1940-02-11) (aged 64)
Montreal, Quebec
Political party Scottish Unionist
Spouse(s) Susan Buchan, Baroness Tweedsmuir
Profession Author

John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir (26 August 1875 – 11 February 1940) was a Scottish novelist, historian, and Unionist politician who served as Governor General of Canada, the 15th since Canadian Confederation.

After a brief legal career, Buchan began his writing career and his political and diplomatic careers, serving as a private secretary to the colonial administrator of various colonies in southern Africa.

He eventually wrote propaganda for the British war effort in the First World War. He was elected Member of Parliament for the Combined Scottish Universities in 1927, but he spent most of his time on his writing career writing adventure fiction.

In 1935, he was appointed Governor General of Canada by King George V on the recommendation of Prime Minister of Canada R. B. Bennett, to replace the Earl of Bessborough. He occupied the post until his death in 1940.

Buchan was enthusiastic about literacy and the development of Canadian culture, and he received a state funeral in Canada before his ashes were returned to the United Kingdom. Some of his famous adventure thrillers include Prester John (1910), The Thirty Nine Steps (1915) and Greenmantle (1916). He also wrote some fine historical biographies like Montrose (1928) and Sir Walter Scott (1932).

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