Jōwa (承和) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Tenchō and before Kashō. This period started in January 834 and ended in July 848. During this time, the emperors were Junna-tennō (淳和天皇) and Ninmyō-tennō (仁明天皇).
Events of the Jōwa era
There were disturbances when Emperor Junna abdicated; and this time was called Jōwa no Hen.
- 834 (Jōwa 1): Emperor Ninmyō planted a cherry tree near the shishinden to replace the tree Emperor Kammu planted when the capital of Japan was moved to Heian-kyō (Kyoto).
- 834 (Jōwa 1): Kukai was permitted to create a Buddhist chapel at the Imperial Palace.
- 11 June 840 (Jōwa 7, 8th day of the 5th month): Former-Emperor Junna died at the age of 55.
- 841 (Jōwa 8, 11th month): A broom star was seen in the west.
- 24 August 842 (Jōwa 9, 15th day of the 7th month): Former-Emperor Saga died at the age of 57.
- 843 (Jōwa 10): Work was completed on the Nihon kōki.
Coins minted from 835 to 847 were known as Jōwa-shōhō.
Jōwa (Heian period) Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.