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Emperor Ninmyō facts for kids

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Emperor of Japan
Reign 833-850
Born 810
Died 6 May 850
Place of death Heian-kyō (Kyoto)
Buried Fukakusa no misasagi (Kyoto)
Predecessor Junna
Successor Montoku

Emperor Ninmyō (仁明天皇 , Ninmyō-tennō, 810-6 May 850) was the 54th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign started in 833 and ended in 850.

Traditional history

Before he became the monarch, this prince's personal name (imina) was Masara (正良 ).

Ninmyō was the second son of Emperor Saga and the Empress Tachibana no Kachiko.

Ninmyō had nine Empresses, Imperial consorts, and concubines (kōi); and he had 24 Imperial sons and daughters.

Events of Ninmyō's life

Ninmyō was Crown Prince for 10 years.

  • 6 January 823 (Kōnin 10, 4th month, 19th day): At age 14, Prince Masara is named Junna's heir.
  • 22 March 833 (Tenchō 10, 28th day of the 2nd month): In the 10th year of Emperor Junna's reign, the emperor abdicated. The succession (senso) was received by his adopted son. Masara-shinnō was the natural son of Emperor Saga, and therefore would have been Junna's nephew. Soon afterwards, Emperor Ninmyo is said to have acceded to the throne (sokui). This was confirmed in ceremonies.
  • 838-839 (Jōwa 5-6): Diplomatic mission to Tang China headed by Fujiwara no Tsunetsugu.
  • 6 May 850 (Kashō 3, 21st day of the 3rd month): Emperor Ninmyō died at the age of 41.

After his death

Emperor Ninmyō is traditionally venerated at his tomb; the Imperial Household Agency designates Fukakusa Imperial Mausoleum (深草陵 , Fukakusa no Misasagi), in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, as the location of Ninmyō's mausoleum.

Ninmyō was sometimes posthumously referred to as "the Emperor of Fukakusa," because that was the location of his tomb.

Eras of reign

The years of Ninmyō's reign are identified by more than one era name (nengō).

Related pages

The chrysanthemum symbol of the Japanese emperor and his family
  • Hokusai: Poem #12, image of ceremonial event in Ninmyō's court
Preceded by
Emperor Junna
Emperor of Japan:

Succeeded by
Emperor Montoku

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