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Tang Dynasty facts for kids

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  • 618–907
  • 690–705: Zhou dynasty
Tang dynasty c. 669
Tang dynasty c. 669
Common languages Middle Chinese
Government Monarchy
• 618–626 (first)
Emperor Gaozu
• 626–649
Emperor Taizong
• 712–756
Emperor Xuanzong
• Established
June 18, 618
• Usurped
by Wu Zetian
• An Lushan Rebellion
• Abdication in favour of the Later Liang
June 1, 907
715 5,400,000 km2 (2,100,000 sq mi)
• 7th century
50 million
• 9th century
80 million
  • Chinese coin
  • Chinese cash
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Sui dynasty
Eastern Turkic Khaganate
Western Turkic Khaganate
Later Liang
Former Shu
a October 8, 690 – March 3, 705.
b December 16, 755 – February 17, 763.
Tang Dynasty
Tang Dynasty
Tang dynasty (Chinese characters).svg
"Tang dynasty" in Han characters
Chinese 唐朝
Tang dynasty1
Map of China during the Tang Dynasty. In yellow are the territories of China and the area of vassals and allies are in dark yellow.

The Tang Dynasty (Chinese: 唐朝; Pinyin: Táng Cháo) (18 June 6184 June 907) was an imperial dynasty of China that came after the Sui Dynasty and was followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period. It was founded by the Li (李) family, who came to power during the fall of the Sui Empire. The dynasty was interrupted for a short time by the Zhou Dynasty (周) (16 October 690 – 3 March 705) founded by Empress Wu Zetian who managed to claim the throne, becoming the first and only Chinese Empress.

The Tang Dynasty, with its capital at Chang'an (today Xi'an), the biggest city in the world at the time, is considered by historians as a high point in Chinese civilization—maybe even greater than the earlier Han Dynasty—as well as a golden age of cosmopolitan culture.

Empress Wu, the first woman to ever rule in China, was also included in the Tang Dynasty. Her methods were sometimes vicious, but she was very intelligent and talented.

In 907 the Tang dynasty was ended when Zhu Wen deposed Emperor Ai of Tang and took the throne for himself (known posthumously as Emperor Taizu of Later Liang). He established the Later Liang, which inaugurated the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. A year later Zhu had the deposed Emperor Ai poisoned to death.

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