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Karuizawa, Nagano facts for kids

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Karuizawa
軽井沢町
Town
Karuizawa Town Hall
Karuizawa Town Hall
Flag of Karuizawa
Flag
Official logo of Karuizawa
Emblem
Location of Karuizawa in Nagano Prefecture
Location of Karuizawa in Nagano Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Kōshin'etsu)
Prefecture Nagano
District Kitasaku
Area
 • Total 156.03 km2 (60.24 sq mi)
Population (October 2016)
 • Total 19,939
 • Density 128/km2 (330/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols  
• Tree Magnolia kobus
• Flower Sakurasō (Primula sieboldii)
• Bird Brown-headed thrush
Phone number 0267-45-8111
Address 2381-1 Nagakura, Karuizawa-machi, Kitasaku-gun, Nagano-ken 389-0192
Website http://www.town.karuizawa.lg.jp/

Karuizawa is a town located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October  2016 (2016 -10-01), the town had an estimated population of 19,939, and a population density of 128 persons per km². Its total area is 156.03 square kilometres (60.24 sq mi). Karuizawa is a popular summer resort area for the residents of Tokyo.

Geography

Mount Asama
Mount Asama

Karuizawa is located in eastern Nagano Prefecture, bordered by Gunma Prefecture to the north, east and south. The town is located on an elevated plain at the foot of Mount Asama, one of Japan's most active volcanoes. The mountain is classed as a Category A active volcano. A small eruption was detected in June 2015, a more significant eruption spewing hot rocks and a plume of ash occurred in February 2015. Mt. Asama's most destructive eruption in recent recorded history took place in 1783, when over 1,000 were killed. The volcano is actively monitored by scientists and climbing close to the summit is prohibited.

History

The area of present-day Karuizawa was part of ancient Shinano Province, and developed as Karuizawa-shuku, a post station on the Nakasendō highway connecting Edo with Kyoto during the Edo period.

Local attractions

Chuo-ginza Street Takasaki 001
Central Ginza Shopping Street

At an elevation of 1,000 m (3,281 ft) and a temperate summer climate, Karuizawa is a popular year round resort offering many outdoor sports, hot spring and recreational activities. Convenient road and rail access from central Tokyo, has ensured Karuizawa's popularity as a location for second homes and resort hotels since the Meiji era.

The town is known for its historic shopping street known as "Ginza dōri" or "Kyū-dō" (Ginza Street, or the Old Road) and association with both Japanese royalty and visitors such as John Lennon and Yoko Ono. Karuizawa hosted equestrian events in the 1964 Summer Olympics as well as curling in the 1998 Winter Olympics. To date, it is the only city in the world to have hosted both Summer and Winter Olympic events.

Since 1997, Karuizawa has been accessible via the JR East Nagano Shinkansen. New high speed rail links has resulted in modest population growth and the development of large outlet style shopping malls.

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