King Tang of Shang of China facts for kids

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Tang 湯
King of Shang dynasty
King Tang of Shang.jpg
Reign 1675–1646 BC
Died 1646 BC
Full name
Family name: Zi (子)
Given name: Lü (履)
Alternative name: Tai Yi (太乙)
Temple name
Tai Zu (太祖)

King Tang of Shang of China, in Chinese:"", born Zi Lu, in Chinese:"子履" (1617 BC - 1588 BC) was the first king of the Shang dynasty in Chinese history. He fought Jie, the last king of the Xia dynasty.

He was the leader of his tribe, or group of people, for more than 17 years. While leader, he made many smart men officials to help fix his government.

When he saw that the Xia Dynasty was starting to be weak, Tang started 16 wars fighting the Xia Dynasty, getting many lands. Tang finally defeated the dynasty in 1600.

King of the Shang

History of King Tang
History of King Tang

Tang's reign was regarded as a good one by the Chinese. He lowered taxes and the conscription rate of soldiers. His influence spread to the Yellow River, and many outlying tribes. He also established Anyang as the new capital of China.

Tang built a palace called Xia She to remember the Xia dynasty. In the first five years of his reign, there were several droughts. Tang ordered golden coins to be made and distributed to poor families who had been forced to sell their children because of the drought. It was intended for them to use this money to buy their children back.

In the 9th year of his reign, he moved the Nine Tripod Cauldrons, made by Yu the Great, to the Shang Palace.

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