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Lancaster, Missouri
Lancaster City Hall
Lancaster City Hall
Location of Lancaster, Missouri
Location of Lancaster, Missouri
Country United States
State Missouri
County Schuyler
Area
 • Total 1.49 sq mi (3.86 km2)
 • Land 1.49 sq mi (3.85 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
945 ft (288 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 675
 • Density 453.02/sq mi (174.87/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
63548
Area code(s) 660
FIPS code 29-40610
GNIS feature ID 0720781

Lancaster is a city in Schuyler County, Missouri, United States. As of the 2020 census, its population was 675. It is the county seat of Schuyler County.

Lancaster is part of the Kirksville Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Schuyler County Missouri Courthouse 20151003-028
Schuyler County court house in Lancaster

History

A post office called Lancaster has been in operation since 1846. According to one tradition, the community was named after Lancaster, Ohio, the former home of a first settler.

The William P. Hall House was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1975.

Geography

Lancaster is located at 40°31′27″N 92°31′45″W / 40.52417°N 92.52917°W / 40.52417; -92.52917 (40.524087, -92.529190). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.50 square miles (3.88 km2), of which, 1.49 square miles (3.86 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.

WilliamPHallHouse1
William P. Hall home in Lancaster. It now serves as the Schuyler County Historical Society museum.
WilliamPHall WallPainting
Mural in downtown Lancaster featuring the elephants of William P. Hall's circus, based in the town.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 427
1880 528 23.7%
1890 811 53.6%
1900 980 20.8%
1910 964 −1.6%
1920 859 −10.9%
1930 807 −6.1%
1940 886 9.8%
1950 856 −3.4%
1960 740 −13.6%
1970 821 10.9%
1980 855 4.1%
1990 785 −8.2%
2000 737 −6.1%
2010 728 −1.2%
2020 675 −7.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

At the 2010 census there were 728 people, 326 households, and 187 families living in the city. The population density was 488.6 inhabitants per square mile (188.6/km2). There were 367 housing units at an average density of 246.3 per square mile (95.1/km2). The racial makup of the city was 98.2% White, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7%.

Of the 326 households 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.6% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.6% were non-families. 38.0% of households were one person and 20.8% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.96.

The median age was 38.3 years. 26.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.6% were from 25 to 44; 22.9% were from 45 to 64; and 20.2% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.4% male and 53.6% female.

Education

Lancaster has a public library, the Schuyler County Library District.

Notable people

  • William Preston Hall (aka "the Colonel," "Diamond Billy," "Horse King of the World") (February 29, 1864 – June 29, 1932) Circus impresario, dealer in exotic animals, horses, and mules.
  • Howard R. Hughes, Sr., co-founder of the Hughes Tool Company and father of Howard Robard Hughes, Jr., the reclusive multi-millionaire.
  • Rupert Hughes, well known novelist and Oscar-winning screenwriter. Brother of Howard Hughes Sr. and uncle of Howard Hughes, Jr.
  • Isabel Grimes Richey (1858–1910), writer
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