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Schuyler County, Missouri facts for kids

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Schuyler County
Schuyler County court house in Lancaster
Schuyler County court house in Lancaster
Map of Missouri highlighting Schuyler County
Location within the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Missouri
Founded February 14, 1845
Named for Philip Schuyler
Seat Lancaster
Largest city Lancaster
 • Total 308 sq mi (800 km2)
 • Land 307 sq mi (800 km2)
 • Water 0.9 sq mi (2 km2)  0.3%
 • Total 4,032
 • Density 13.091/sq mi (5.054/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 6th
Schuyler Co Mo Courthouse 1878
The previous courthouse as it appeared in 1878.

Schuyler County is a county located in the northeastern portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2020 census, its population was 4,032, making it the fourth-least populous county in Missouri. Its county seat is Lancaster. The county was organized February 14, 1845, from Adair County, and named for General Philip Schuyler, delegate to the Continental Congress and U.S. Senator from New York.

Schuyler County is part of the Kirksville, MO Micropolitan Statistical Area.

USS Schuyler, a World War II-era cargo ship, was named in part for Schuyler County, Missouri.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 308 square miles (800 km2), of which 307 square miles (800 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (0.3%) is water. It is the second-smallest county in Missouri by area. Schuyler County borders Iowa to the north.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • US 63.svg U.S. Route 63
  • US 136.svg U.S. Route 136
  • MO-202.svg Route 202


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 3,287
1860 6,697 103.7%
1870 8,880 32.6%
1880 10,470 17.9%
1890 11,249 7.4%
1900 10,840 −3.6%
1910 9,062 −16.4%
1920 8,383 −7.5%
1930 6,951 −17.1%
1940 6,627 −4.7%
1950 5,760 −13.1%
1960 5,052 −12.3%
1970 4,665 −7.7%
1980 4,979 6.7%
1990 4,236 −14.9%
2000 4,170 −1.6%
2010 4,431 6.3%
2020 4,032 −9.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,431 people, 1,725 households, and 1,193 families residing in the county. The population density was 14 people per square mile (5/km2). There were 2,027 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.44% White, 0.05% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. Approximately 0.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,725 households, out of which 29.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.10% were married couples living together, 7.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.60% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 24.80% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 19.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,385, and the median income for a family was $34,564. Males had a median income of $25,625 versus $18,728 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,850. About 13.20% of families and 17.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.10% of those under age 18 and 17.60% of those age 65 or over.

The population was estimated, according to the U.S. Census Bureau, to be 4,508 on July 1 of 2017.




Unincorporated community


Public schools

Entrance to Schuyler County R-1 High School
  • Schuyler County R-1 School District – Queen City
    • Schuyler County Elementary School (K-06)
    • Schuyler County Middle School (07-08)
    • Schuyler County High School (09-12)

Public libraries

  • Schuyler County Library

Notable people

The former Lancaster home of William Preston Hall, now the Schuyler County Historical Society museum.
  • Farrell Dobbs, American Trotskyist, trade unionist, and presidential candidate for the Socialist Workers Party.
  • William Preston Hall (aka "The Colonel," "Diamond Billy," "Horse King of the World") (February 29, 1864 – June 29, 1932) Exotic animal dealer, horse and mule breeder, circus impresario.
  • Howard R. Hughes Sr., co-founder of the Hughes Tool Company and father of Howard Robard Hughes Jr., the multimillionaire.
  • Rupert Hughes, novelist and screenwriter, brother of Howard Hughes Sr. and uncle of Howard Hughes Jr.
  • Darrin Vincent, bluegrass producer and Grammy-nominated performer (Kentucky Thunder, Dailey & Vincent)
  • Rhonda Vincent, Award-winning Bluegrass performer.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Schuyler (Misuri) para niños

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