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Lincoln Parish, Louisiana
Parish of Lincoln
Lincoln Parish Courthouse in Ruston
Lincoln Parish Courthouse in Ruston
Flag of Lincoln Parish, Louisiana
Flag
Location within the U.S. state of Louisiana
Location within the U.S. state of Louisiana
Louisiana's location within the U.S.
Louisiana's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Louisiana
Region North Louisiana
Founded 1873
Named for Abraham Lincoln
Parish seat (and largest city) Ruston
Area
 • Total 1,220 km2 (472 sq mi)
 • Land 1,220 km2 (472 sq mi)
 • Water 2 km2 (0.7 sq mi)
 • percentage 0.5 km2 (0.2 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 46,735
 • Estimate 
(2018)
47,196
 • Rank LA: 25th
 • Density 38.23/km2 (99.01/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code 318
Congressional district 5th
Website Parish of Lincoln
Autrey House, Lincoln Parish, LA IMG 2543
Autrey Dogtrot House, built in 1849 by Absalom and Elizabeth Norris Autrey, formerly of Selma, Alabama is located west of Dubach. The oldest restored dogtrot house in Lincoln Parish, it was listed in 1980 on the National Register of Historic Places.
Railroad depot in Ruston, LA IMG 3826
Historic Vicksburg, Shreveport, and Pacific Railroad depot in downtown Ruston; Robert Edwin Russ, the founder of Ruston, sold land to the railroad in 1883.

Lincoln Parish (French: Paroisse de Lincoln) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 46,735. The parish seat is Ruston. The parish was created on February 24, 1873, from parts of Bienville, Claiborne, Union, and Jackson parishes, and its boundaries have changed only once (in 1877). This makes Lincoln Parish one of the Reconstruction parishes.

Lincoln Parish comprises the Ruston, LA Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Since the late 20th century, archeologists have dated eleven sites in northern Louisiana where thousands of years ago, indigenous cultures built complexes with multiple, monumental earthwork mounds during the Middle Archaic period, long before the development of sedentary, agricultural societies. At sites such as Watson Brake, Frenchman's Bend, and Caney, generations of hunter-gatherers worked for hundreds of years to build and add to mound complexes. Hedgepeth Site, located in Lincoln Parish, is dated about 5200-4500 BP (about 3300-2600 BCE), from the latter part of this period. Such finds are changing the understanding of early human cultures.

The parish was one of several new ones established by the state legislature during Reconstruction; in 1873 it was formed from land that had belonged to Bienville, Claiborne, Jackson and Union parishes to create one in which newly elected representatives might have more ties to the Republican Party. It was an attempt to break up the old order of political power, and to capitalize on the arrival of the railroad line. The parish is named for the late U.S. president Abraham Lincoln.

In 1934, the historian Robert W. Mondy of Louisiana Tech University in Ruston completed a thesis entitled "A History of Lincoln Parish, Louisiana" as part of the requirements for his Master of Arts degree from the University of Texas at Austin. Another Louisiana Tech faculty member, Robert C. Snyder, was instrumental in the establishment in 1962 of the Lincoln Parish Library. He served as the library board president for many years.

Lincoln Parish is usually Republican in contested elections. In 2012, Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney won the parish with 10,739 votes (56.5 percent) to U.S. President Barack H. Obama, the Democrat who polled 7,956 ballots (41.9 percent).

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 472 square miles (1,220 km2), of which 472 square miles (1,220 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) (0.2%) is water.

Major highways

  • I-20.svg Interstate 20
  • US 80.svg U.S. Highway 80
  • US 167.svg U.S. Highway 167
  • Louisiana 33.svg Louisiana Highway 33

Adjacent parishes

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 11,075
1890 14,753 33.2%
1900 15,898 7.8%
1910 18,485 16.3%
1920 16,962 −8.2%
1930 22,822 34.5%
1940 24,790 8.6%
1950 25,782 4.0%
1960 28,535 10.7%
1970 33,800 18.5%
1980 39,763 17.6%
1990 41,745 5.0%
2000 42,509 1.8%
2010 46,735 9.9%
Est. 2018 47,196 1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2020 census

Lincoln Parish racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 25,672 53.05%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 18,626 38.49%
Native American 145 0.3%
Asian 682 1.41%
Pacific Islander 5 0.01%
Other/Mixed 1,512 3.12%
Hispanic or Latino 1,754 3.62%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 48,396 people, 17,712 households, and 10,407 families residing in the parish.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 46,735 people living in the parish. 55.2% were White, 40.5% Black or African American, 1.7% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.3% of some other race and 1.1% of two or more races. 2.5% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

National Guard

527th Engineer Battalion (Triple Alpha) ("Anything, Anytime, Anywhere") is headquartered in Ruston, Louisiana, the parish seat. This battalion is part of the 225th Engineer Brigade of the Louisiana National Guard.

Attractions

  • Eddie Robinson Museum
  • Lincoln Parish Park
  • Dixie Center for the Arts
  • North Central Louisiana Arts Council
  • Ruston Community Theatre
  • Celebrity Theatre (movie theater)
  • Annual Peach Festival held in Ruston, LA
  • Annual Chicken Festival held in Dubach, LA
  • Annual Watermelon Festival held in Farmerville, LA

Communities

Map of Lincoln Parish Louisiana With Municipal Labels
Map of Lincoln Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

Cities

Towns

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Education

Lincoln Parish residents are zoned to Lincoln Parish School Board schools.

The parish is home to Louisiana Tech University in Ruston, and Grambling State University in Grambling.

Bethel Christian School is located in Ruston.

Ruston High School is located in Ruston.

Lincoln Preparatory School is located in Grambling.

Choudrant Elementary School and Choudrant High School are located in Choudrant.

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