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Jackson Parish, Louisiana facts for kids

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Jackson Parish
Parish of Jackson
Jackson Parish Courthouse in Jonesboro
Jackson Parish Courthouse in Jonesboro
Map of Louisiana highlighting Jackson Parish
Location within the U.S. state of Louisiana
Map of the United States highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location within the U.S.
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Country  United States
State  Louisiana
Founded 1845
Named for Andrew Jackson
Seat Jonesboro
Largest town Jonesboro
Area
 • Total 580 sq mi (1,500 km2)
 • Land 569 sq mi (1,470 km2)
 • Water 11 sq mi (30 km2)  1.9%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 16,274
 • Estimate 
(2018)
15,902
 • Density 28.06/sq mi (10.83/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 5th

Jackson Parish (French: Paroisse de Jackson) is a parish located in the northern part of the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,274. The parish seat is Jonesboro. The parish was formed in 1845 from parts of Claiborne, Ouachita, and Union Parishes. In the twentieth century, this part of the state had several small industrial mill towns, such as Jonesboro.

East of Jonesboro is the Jimmie Davis State Park, which includes Caney Lake Reservoir.

History

Jackson Parish was founded in 1845 and named for President Andrew Jackson.

Civil War

During the American Civil War Confederate General Richard Taylor sent five companies into Jackson and Winn parishes to arrest conscripts who failed to report for duty and to halt jayhawker groups in the area. General Edmund Kirby-Smith, moreover, directed that "all men who shirked their military duty be hunted down and forced into camp. Those who tried to escape the conscript hunters would be shot. The terrain of Louisiana with its many canebrakes, swamps, and hills in which to hide, made such an order difficult to carry out," explains the historian John D. Winters in The Civil War in Louisiana (1963).

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 580 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 569 square miles (1,470 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (1.9%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 167.svg U.S. Highway 167
  • Louisiana 4.svg Louisiana Highway 4
  • Louisiana 34.svg Louisiana Highway 34

Adjacent parishes

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 5,566
1860 9,465 70.1%
1870 7,646 −19.2%
1880 5,328 −30.3%
1890 7,453 39.9%
1900 9,119 22.4%
1910 13,818 51.5%
1920 14,486 4.8%
1930 13,808 −4.7%
1940 17,807 29.0%
1950 15,434 −13.3%
1960 15,828 2.6%
1970 15,963 0.9%
1980 17,321 8.5%
1990 15,705 −9.3%
2000 15,397 −2.0%
2010 16,274 5.7%
2018 (est.) 15,902 −2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 15,397 people, 6,086 households, and 4,302 families residing in the parish. The population density was 27 people per square mile (10/km2). There were 7,338 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the parish was 71.01% White, 27.87% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, and 0.37% from two or more races. 0.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,086 households, out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.80% were married couples living together, 14.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the parish the population was spread out, with 25.30% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 25.70% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 16.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.50 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $28,352, and the median income for a family was $36,317. Males had a median income of $31,977 versus $19,992 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $15,354. About 16.00% of families and 19.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.30% of those under age 18 and 15.80% of those age 65 or over.

National Guard

A Company 199TH FSB (Forward Support Battalion) of the 256TH IBCT resides in Jonesboro, Louisiana. This unit has deployed twice to Iraq in 2004-5 and 2010. Also deployed in 1990 for Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm.

Communities

Map of Jackson Parish Louisiana With Municipal Labels
Map of Jackson Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

Towns

Villages

Unincorporated community

Gallery

Education

Public schools in Jackson Parish are operated by the elected Jackson Parish School Board.

Notable people

  • Rodney Alexander, Republican U.S. representative
  • H. Welborn Ayres, judge of the Second Judicial District Court in Jonesboro, 1942–1953
  • Robert C. Culpepper, Jackson Parish native, clerk of court from 1900 to 1908, state senator from 1908 to 1912, and judge in Alexandria from 1924 to 1942
  • Marvin T. Culpepper, member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from Jackson Parish from 1964 to 1968
  • Jimmie Davis, Democratic former governor and singer by profession, born in Jackson Parish in 1899.
  • Randy Ewing, former Louisiana State Senate President and a 2003 Democratic gubernatorial contender.
  • James R. Fannin, state representative from Jackson Parish since 2003
  • E.L. "Bubba" Henry, former Democratic Speaker of the Louisiana House of Representatives, served in the House from District 13 from 1968 to 1980, the last eight of those years as Speaker. Also served as chairman of the 1973 convention which drafted the Louisiana Constitution currently in effect, and as Commissioner of Administration under Governor Dave Treen from 1980-84.
  • Berry Hinton, native of Clay/Vernon communities; baseball coach at Louisiana Tech University from 1943 until 1967
  • Arnold R. Kilpatrick, former president of Northwestern State University in Natchitoches
  • Robert W. Mondy, historian at Louisiana Tech University who taught in Jackson Parish public schools in the early 1930s
  • Robert Edwin Russ, the founder of Ruston, lived in Jackson Parish before moving to Lincoln Parish.
  • James Monroe Smith, Jackson Parish native who served as president of Louisiana State University from 1930 to 1939; forced to resign in "Louisiana Hayride" scandals of 1939
  • George T. Walker, president of the University of Louisiana at Monroe from 1958 to 1976, was born and reared in the Wyatt Community of Jackson Parish.
  • William Stewart Walker, World War II United States Army officer; Republican congressional candidate, 1964; younger brother of George T. Walker.
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