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Jackson, Louisiana
Town of Jackson
Location of Jackson in East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Jackson in East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parish East Feliciana
 • Total 4.47 sq mi (11.58 km2)
 • Land 4.46 sq mi (11.56 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
151 ft (46 m)
 • Total 3,990
 • Density 893.82/sq mi (345.07/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s) 225
FIPS code 22-37830

Jackson is a town in East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 3,842 at the 2010 U.S. census, down from 4,130 in 2000; the 2020 population estimates program determined Jackson had a population of 3,707. It is part of the Baton Rouge metropolitan statistical area.


The town of Jackson was founded in 1815 as the seat of justice for Feliciana Parish before the parish was divided into East and West. The town was a major commercial center and a center for education, earning it the title "Athens of the South". Legend holds that the town was originally called "Bear Corners" for the many wild black bears crossing nearby Thompson Creek, and that it eventually took its name from General Andrew Jackson, who reportedly camped there with his troops on the return trip north after the 1815 Battle of New Orleans.

Jackson was the parish seat only until 1824, when Feliciana Parish was split into two parishes, with Clinton selected as the new seat of government in East Feliciana.

Jackson was the location of the College of Louisiana from 1825 until 1845, and then the Methodist-affiliated Centenary College from 1845 until 1908, when it relocated to Shreveport.

The East Louisiana State Hospital was founded in Jackson in 1847.


Jackson is located on the western edge of East Feliciana Parish at 30°52′15″N 91°12′52″W / 30.87083°N 91.21444°W / 30.87083; -91.21444 (30.837588, -91.214436). The town's western border is Thompson Creek, which is also the border with West Feliciana Parish. Louisiana Highway 10 passes through Jackson, leading east 12 miles (19 km) to Clinton and west 12 miles to St. Francisville overlooking the Mississippi River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Jackson has a total area of 4.5 square miles (11.6 km2), of which 0.01 square miles (0.02 km2), or 0.15%, is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 934
1880 880 −5.8%
1890 1,276 45.0%
1900 2,012 57.7%
1910 2,146 6.7%
1920 2,320 8.1%
1930 3,966 70.9%
1940 5,384 35.8%
1950 6,772 25.8%
1960 1,824 −73.1%
1970 4,697 157.5%
1980 3,878 −17.4%
1990 3,891 0.3%
2000 4,130 6.1%
2010 3,842 −7.0%
2020 3,990 3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

Jackson racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 2,432 60.95%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,265 31.7%
Native American 21 0.53%
Asian 7 0.18%
Pacific Islander 4 0.1%
Other/Mixed 102 2.56%
Hispanic or Latino 159 3.98%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 3,990 people, 750 households, and 488 families residing in the town.

Arts and culture

The Republic of West Florida Historical Museum and its 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge Old Hickory Railroad are located in Jackson. Other points of interest include the Centenary State Historic Site and Feliciana Cellars Winery.


Colleges and universities

A branch of Baton Rouge Community College is presently located in Jackson.

Primary and secondary schools

East Feliciana Parish School Board serves Jackson.

Schools within Jackson include:

  • East Feliciana High School
  • Jackson Elementary School

Notable people

Women's History Month on Kiddle
Women Scientists of Antiquity
Mary the Jewess
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