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List of native New Zealand ferns facts for kids

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This is a list of native New Zealand ferns. These are the true ferns in the Division Pteridophyta that are native to New Zealand. The ferns of Alsophila, Sphaeropteris and Dicksonia are tree ferns that can grow quite high, all the other genus groups are that of ground, climbing or perching ferns.


Aspleniaceae

There are over 700 species in the genus Asplenium, the spleenworts. Around 20 are native to New Zealand, with A. aethiopicum naturalized since 2003.

  • Asplenium appendiculatum – Ground spleenwort, Coastal spleenwort
  • Asplenium bulbiferum – Hen and Chickens fern, mouku, manamana
  • Asplenium chathamense
  • Asplenium cimmeriorum
  • Asplenium flabellifolium – Butterfly fern, Necklace fern
  • Asplenium flaccidum – Hanging spleenwort, raukatauri
  • Asplenium gracillimum
  • Asplenium haurakiense – Hauraki Gulf spleenwort
  • Asplenium hookerianum – Hooker's spleenwort
  • Asplenium lamprophyllum
  • Asplenium lyallii – Lyall's spleenwort
  • Asplenium northlandicum – Northern shore spleenwort
  • Asplenium oblongifolium – Shining spleenwort, huruhuruwhenua
  • Asplenium obtusatum – Shore spleenwort, paranako, parenako
  • Asplenium pauperequitum – Poor Knights spleenwort
  • Asplenium polyodon – Sickle spleenwort, petako
  • Asplenium richardii – Richard's spleenwort, matua-kaponga
  • Asplenium scleroprium (A. aucklandicum)
  • Asplenium shuttleworthianum
  • Asplenium subglandulosum – Blanket fern
  • Asplenium trichomanes – Maidenhair spleenwort

Blechnaceae

  • Austroblechnum colensoi – Waterfall fern, Colenso's hard fern
  • Austroblechnum lanceolatum – Lance water fern
  • Austroblechnum penna-marina – Alpine water fern
  • Cranfillia fluviatilis – Creek fern, kiwikiwi
  • Diploblechnum fraseri – Miniature tree fern
  • Doodia media – Rasp fern
  • Icarus filiformis – Thread fern
  • Lomaria discolor – Crown fern
  • Parablechnum novae-zelandiae – Palm-Leaf fern, kio kio
  • Parablechnum procerum – Mountain kiokio

Cyatheaceae

Dennstaedtiaceae

  • Histiopteris incisa – Water Fern
  • Hypolepis ambigua – Pig Fern
  • Hypolepis millefolium – Thousand-Leaved Fern
  • Leptolepia novae-zelandiae – Lace Fern
  • Paesia scaberula – Ring Fern
  • Pteridium esculentum – Bracken

Dicksoniaceae

Dryopteridaceae

Gleicheniaceae

  • Diranopteris linearis
  • Gleichenia dicarpa – Tangle fern, spider fern, swamp umbrella fern
  • Gleichenia circinnata – Tangle fern, spider fern, swamp umbrella fern
  • Gleichenia microphylla – Carrier tangle, parasol fern, waewaekākā
  • Sticherus cunninghamii – Umbrella fern, tapuwae kōtuku, waekura
  • Sticherus flabellatus
  • Sticherus tener

Grammitidaceae

  • Ctenopteris herterphylla – Comb fern, Gypsy Fern
  • Grammitis billardierei – Common strap fern
  • Grammitis ciliata
  • Grammitis gunnii
  • Grammitis magellanica
  • Grammitis patagonica
  • Grammitis pseudociliata
  • Grammitis rawlingsii
  • Grammitis ridida

Hymenophyllaceae

  • Hymenopyllum armstrongii
  • Hymenopyllum atrovirens
  • Hymenophyllum bivalve
  • Hymenophyllum cupressiforme
  • Hymenopyllum demissum – Drooping filmy fern, irirangi, piripiri
  • Hymenopyllum dilatatum – Matua, mauku
  • Hymenopyllum ferrugineum – Rusty filmy fern
  • Hymenophyllum flabellatum – Fan-like filmy fern
  • Hymenophyllum flexuosum
  • Hymenophyllum lyallii
  • Hymenophyllum malingii
  • Hymenophyllum minimum
  • Hymenophyllum multifidum – Much-divided filmy fern
  • Hymenophyllum nephrophyllum kidney fern, konehu, kopakapa, raurenga
  • Hymenophyllum peltatum – One-sided filmy fern
  • Hymenophyllum pulcherrimun – Tufted filmy fern
  • Hymenophyllum rarum
  • Hymenophyllum revolutum
  • Hymenophyllum rufescens
  • Hymenophyllum sanguinolentum – Piripiri
  • Hymenophyllum scabrum – Rough filmy fern
  • Hymenophyllum villosum – Hairy filmy fern
  • Trichomanes colensoi
  • Trichomanes elongatum – Bristle fern
  • Trichomanes endlicherianum
  • Trichomanes venosum

Marattiaceae

Osmundaceae

Ophioglossaceae

  • Botrychium australe – Parsley fern, patotara
  • Botrychium biforme – Fine-leaved parsley fern
  • Botrychium lunaria – Moonwort
  • Ophioglossum coriaceum – Adder’s tongue
  • Ophioglossum petiolatum – Stalked adder tongue

Polypodiaceae

Pteridaceae

  • Pteris comans – Coastal brake, netted brake
  • Pteris cretica – Cretan brake
  • Pteris macilenta – Sweet fern
  • Pteris saxatilis – Carse
  • Pteris tremula – Shaking brake, tender brake, turawera

Schizaeaceae

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List of native New Zealand ferns Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.